Herbert Spencer Sociology in the ..
He falsely associated it with the Social Darwinist thinking of his time and called it a "greed philosophy." Peirce also rejected the deterministic evolution scheme of Herbert Spencer, and proposed his own grand scheme for the evolution of everything including the laws of Nature!
Herbert Spencer, Keir Hardie, ..
The exhibition featured works by Herbert Ascherman, Bruce Barnes, Franz von Bayros, David Bekker, Tom Bianchi, Edouard Chimot, Ralph Nicholas Chubb, Vincent Cianni, Dominque Vivant Denon, Michael Fingesten, Edie Fake, D. Keith Furon, Wilhelm von Gloeden, Suzuki Harunobu, Walter Sigmund Hempel, Clifford Raven Ingram, Toby Kaufmann, Max Kislinger, Rita Koehler, Clarence John Laughlin, Lehnert & Landrock, Richard Lux, Michael Miksche, Marcantonio Raimondi, Anne Roecklein, Félicien Rops, Emilio Sanchez, Ronald Searle, Carl Streller, Arthur Tress, Spencer Tunick, and Dirk Vellert.
However, some thinkers enthusiastically embraced natural selection; after reading Darwin, Herbert Spencer introduced the term survival of the fittest, which became a popular summary of the theory. The fifth edition of On the Origin of Species published in 1869 included Spencer's phrase as an alternative to natural selection, with credit given: "But the expression often used by Mr. Herbert Spencer, of the Survival of the Fittest, is more accurate, and is sometimes equally convenient." Although the phrase is still often used by non-biologists, modern biologists avoid it because it is tautological if "fittest" is read to mean "functionally superior" and is applied to individuals rather than considered as an averaged quantity over populations.