Religious Art : Definition, History, Types - Art Encyclopedia
High Renaissance painting included such religious masterpieces as the (1513-14) by Raphael (1483-1520), and the amazing (1508-1512) and (1536-41) in the Sistine Chapel, by Michelangelo (1475-1564).
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However, these monarchs, like Louis XIV, Louis XV, the Russian Romanovs, and the Austrian Habsburgs, were too concerned with exalting their own secular status and propping up their creaking empires to invest money in religious painting, sculpture or architecture.
And while a few painters continued to paint Biblical scenes, the demand for religious compositions slumped - a trend which continued into the 20th century.
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Thus, to qualify as "religious", the painting, sculpture or architecture concerned must have some recognizable moral narrative, that imbues the work with the necessary sacred "quality." As with the assessment of all art, determining whether or not this moral attribute is present, is essentially a subjective exercise, although in most cases the answer is likely to be fairly straightforward.
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For example, a painting of a crucifixion scene which drew attention to some fundamentally weird or blasphemous physical attribute of the dying Christ would hardly merit the description religious art.
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Sofonisba depicts herself painting an image of the Madonna and Child. Besides attesting to her skills as an accomplished painter, this painting also suggests her piety. It is significant that the religious paintings of hers that have come down to us are not narrative representations but rather devotional images. She did a number of paintings of the Madonna and Child as well as images of the Pieta. These two of the most popular devotional subjects in Renaissance art focus on the Joys and Sorrows of the Virgin Mary. Sofonisba who regularly identified herself as a virgin in her signatures would have clearly identified herself with the Virgin Mary. The image of the suckling Christ Child had since the late Middle Ages been understood as attesting to the Virgin's Humility.
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Exceptional modern religious paintings include: (1936) by Georges Rouault (1871-1958); (1925) by Lovis Corinth (1958-1925); (1963) by Patrick Caulfield (1936-2005); (1985) by Antonio Saura (1930-98); and the strange abstract work (1988) by Gerhard Richter (b.1932).
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Besides practicing his art, Amen also taught classes in sculptor and printmaking at such schools as the (1961) and at (1962).
Commissions include a Peace Medal in honor of the Vietnam War and for the in Ohio.
He is listed in Mantle Fielding Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors and Engravers and the Dictionary of Contemporary American Artists by Paul Cummings.
A positive attitude, love of mankind, and religious background emanate from his work.ead March 2001 in the Fort LauderdaleThis web site is authorized by Irving Amen. It was begun Sept 2002 and is composed of images of Amen's work collected from:This site is a work in progress by a lover of the works this great American Artist.
If you have images or words that you would like to contribute to the site, please email them to me.