A World Free of Polio — The Final Steps | NEJM
Student magazine: Special issue featuring healthcare professionals who discuss why each chose his or her career, educational requirements needed to obtain the job, and day-to-day responsibilities.
New study highlights 25 years of infections in the US - …
Nicole's Mother: Nicole had just came out of Children's. She had to have four or five vaccines all at one time. It seems like so much for such a small infant to handle.
No. If children are not too young to be permanently harmed or killed by viruses or bacteria, they aren't too young to be vaccinated to prevent those diseases. Because the diseases that vaccines prevent often occur in very young infants, the only way to prevent them is to give vaccines soon after birth. Fortunately, infants given vaccines in the first few months of life are quite capable of making a protective immune response.
The REAL History Behind the Polio Vaccine
Students explore microbes that impact our health (e.g., bacteria, fungi, protists and viruses), and learn that microbes play key roles in the lives of humans, sometimes causing disease. (12 activities)
The REAL History Behind the Polio ..
Paul A. Offit, MD: I think that both natural infection and immunization often offer, you know, lifelong protection against disease. The difference between the two is the price that one pays for natural infection. I mean, for example, before the measles vaccine, almost all children in this country got measles. And when they got measles, most survived the infection. And when they survived the infection, they had immunity that would protect them against measles for the rest of their life. But every year before vaccination, about 100,000 children would be hospitalized, and several thousand children would die from measles. And, obviously, I mean, hospitalization is a very high price to pay for immunity when you can get essentially the same immunity without having to pay a price at all through vaccination.
The Introduction of Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis and …
Davidson M, Letson W, Ward JI, et al. DTP immunization and susceptibility to infectious diseases. Is there a relationship? Am J Dis Child 1991;145:750-754.
Non-polio scientists — specifically those who study ..
Expand the discussion to address the importance of not taking antibiotics for viral diseases. Ask, Since Allison has a cold, should her doctor prescribe antibiotics? Would it be okay to take leftover antibiotics? Help students understand that antibiotics are effective for bacterial infections, but do not help against viral infections like colds.
Also, mention that if antibiotics are prescribed for a bacterial infection, it is important to follow the doctor’s instructions and to take all the medication, even if symptoms start to improve before the medicine is gone. Otherwise, the disease may reoccur. Taking antibiotics incorrectly, or using them inappropriately (such as taking leftover medicine without a doctor’s guidance) can contribute to the development of antibiotic resistant forms of bacteria, which cannot be killed by existing antibiotics.
Introduction to Picornaviridae; Polio Virus ..
Paul A. Offit, MD: Every year pneumococcus causes about 1400 cases of meningitis, about 17,000 cases of bloodstream infections, and about 70,000 cases of pneumonia in children less than 5 years of age. So what can we do to prevent this? Well, the pneumococcal vaccine is given as a shot at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, and again at 12 to 15 months of age. So the children can get the antibodies that they need to protect them against this serious and occasionally fatal infection.