Abolitionism in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia
Music was one of the most powerful weapons of the abolitionists. In 1848,William Wells Brown, abolitionist and former slave, published The, "a collection of songs for anti-slaverymeetings," which contains songs and occasional poems. The is in the format of a "songster"--giving the lyrics andindicating the tunes to which they are to be sung, but with no music. Thebook is open to the pages containing lyrics to the tune of the"Marseillaise," the French national anthem, which to 19th-centuryAmericans symbolized the determination to bring about freedom, by force ifnecessary.
The Abolitionist | A Publication of Critical Resistance
Scholars In Action presents case studies that demonstrate how scholars interpret different kinds of historical evidence. These two speeches, one by Sojourner Truth (1852) and one by Frances Watkins Harper (1857) reveal the ways that African-American women presented their cause and themselves. For many reform-minded men and women in the nineteenth century, the movement to abolish slavery was the most important cause in American society. Radical abolitionists who sought to create a democratic and egalitarian movement allowed women and African Americans to have unprecedented influence and public roles. Some women within the abolitionist movement noted the links between the plight of slaves and the plight of women and thus became active in some of the first women's rights organizations. Sojourner Truth (born Isabella Baumfree) was enslaved for thirty years prior to the abolition of slavery in New York. Once free, she was guided by spiritual revelation to change her name and become a preacher and an active abolitionist. Born to free blacks in Maryland, Frances Watkins Harper was a poet and a teacher who became active in the abolitionist struggle in the 1850s.
In 1833, sixty abolitionist leaders from ten states met in Philadelphia tocreate a national organization to bring about immediate emancipation ofall slaves. The American Anti-slavery Society elected officers and adopteda constitution and declaration. Drafted by William Lloyd Garrison, thedeclaration pledged its members to work for emancipation throughnon-violent actions of "moral suasion," or "the overthrow of prejudice bythe power of love." The society encouraged public lectures, publications,civil disobedience, and the boycott of cotton and other slave-manufacturedproducts.