An Online Reference Guide to African American History

Listed below are major documents that help explain the history of African America.

Find out more about the history of Slavery in America, ..

In 1619, the Dutch introduced the first captured Africans to America, planting the seeds of a slavery system that evolved into a nightmare of abuse and cruelty that would ultimately divide the nation.

(1898). This amendment to Louisiana's Constitution effectively prohibited most African American males from voting in that state's elections.

Problems of Native Americans & African Slaves.

(1867-1868). These four measures enacted on March 2, March, 23, and July 19, 1867, and March 11, 1868, established the basic provisions for Congressional Reconstruction in the ex-Confederate states including allowing suffrage for African American men.

(1873). The U.S. Supreme Court distinguishes between “state citizenship” and “federal citizenship” and narrows the scope of the 14th Amendment in regard to state actions.

Reséndez, Andrés. The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016.

As of 2010, Fifty-five percent of all Black/African American people lived in the South, 18 percent lived in the Midwest, 17 percent in the Northeast, and 10 percent in the West.

(1875). Congress attempts to provide a number of rights to African American during the Reconstruction era.

By the end of the American Revolution, slavery had proven ..

(1897) The American Negro Academy was an organization of black intellectuals devoted to the advancement of African Americans. Here is their founding constitution.


Almost a century later, resistance to the lingering racism and discrimination in America that began during the slavery era would lead to the of the 1960s, which would achieve the greatest political and social gains for blacks since Reconstruction.

African-American issues - The Economist

Despite seeing an unprecedented degree of black participation in American political life, Reconstruction was ultimately frustrating for African Americans, and the rebirth of white supremacy—including the rise of racist organizations such as the (KKK)—had triumphed in the South by 1877.

American Slavery, Civil Records | National Archives

(1832). In 1832 African American women in Salem, Massachusetts organized the Female Anti-Slavery Society of Salem, the first abolitionist society sponsored exclusively by black women. Here is their founding constitution.

African American History Timeline: 1801-1900

(1796) The African Civilization Society was one of the earliest organizations created by
African Americans. As its constitution shows, the Society was dedicated to the spread of Christianity across Africa and among people of African descent, and the abolition of the slave trade.

The abolition of slavery was the cause of free African-Americans

Though the Emancipation Proclamation didn’t officially end all slavery in America—that would happen with the passage of the after the Civil War’s end in 1865—some 186,000 black soldiers would join the Union Army, and about 38,000 lost their lives.