Alexander the Great was the king of Macedonia or Ancient Greece
In the spring of 334, Alexander and Parmenion crossed the and attacked the local Persian army, which was defeated near the river in the northwest of what is now called Turkey. After their first victory, the Macedonians went to the south, where the Persian stronghold surrendered and the Macedonians could occupy Greek cities like , , and .
ancient macedonia | History Of Macedonia
Like other historians, he considers it quite possible that Macedonian was the language of the ruling class and that a considerable proportion of the subjects of the Macedonian chiefs spoke other languages.
The famous conquest started in the spring of 334 as Alexander the Great headed into Asia Minor after resettling affairs in Macedonia and Greece after Phillip’s assassination.
Macedonia, ancient kingdom centred on the plain in the ..
He was inspiration for later conquerors such as Hannibal the Carthaginian, the Romans Pompey and Caesar, and Napoleon. Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia.
"In the Kingdom of Alexander the Great - Ancient Macedonia"
Late in 327, the Macedonians crossed the Hindu Kush again, and invaded the valleys of the and . In fact, there was no justification for this attack, but Alexander's courtiers no longer asked questions. Many Indians seemed to identify the conqueror with an avatar of a local deity, who was identified by the Macedonians with their god Dionysus. Fighting was hard and merciless; on more than one occasion, Alexander massacred people who had already surrendered. In the spring of 326, he reached the mighty , where he attacked a group of refugees on a mountain citadel called . The only reason seems to have been that there was a local myth that the god Krishna had been unable to capture this mountain, a challenge that Alexander could not leave unanswered.
Ancient Macedonia, History - FAQ
If the early Macedonians were Greek you would expect that (a) there might be clear evidence that the language of the Macedonians was a dialect of Greek, rather than a separate branch of the Indo-European language group; (b) writers of the time would have recognized Macedonians as Greek rather than as foreigners and would have spoken about Macedonia as though it was a part of Hellenism; and (c) historians today would speak of the ancient Macedonians as though they were Greek in ancient times.
Alexander the Great - Wikipedia
He now proceeded along the (the modern Grand Trunk Road) to the east, and reached . Its ruler Omphis surrendered and invited Alexander to attack the king of the next Indian state, . This man waited for the invaders on the bank of the river , which he believed to be unpassable. However, during a stormy night full of rain, the Macedonians were able to cross the stream, and Porus was defeated because his chariots were unable to proceed in the mud. It was not a big battle -only a sixth of Alexander's army was employed- but it was celebrated as a victory of the greatest importance. The king of Asia minted coins on which he was shown with a thunderbolt, claiming that he had caused the rainfall. Again, Alexander claimed divinity.
King of Macedonia and Conqueror of the Persian Empire
That might explain why Pausanias was instantly put to death by Alexander's close friends as he attempted to flee the scene, instead of being captured alive and tried before the Macedonian assembly. Philip, the great Macedonian conqueror was dead, the man who liberated his own country and brought if from the edge of the abyss into a world power.