Hiroshima: Was It Necessary? The Atomic Bombing of Japan

The textbooks taught us that by dropping atomic bombs on Japan, the U.S.

Ralph Bard's Alternative to A-bombing Japan

To counter growing criticism of the bombings, American leaders established a narrative that the bombings had ended the war and saved up to 1 million American lives by preventing an invasion of Japan. (These postwar casualty estimates were far higher than pre-bomb calculations.) Most Americans accepted this narrative.

Less than a month later, atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Was the atomic bombing of Japan justifiable? - Pacific War

TOKYO, Dec. 14 (Xinhua) -- Victims of the Chongqing Bombing and some Japanese citizens protested against a ruling made by a Japanese court here on Thursday.

The effect of the atomic bomb on the confidence of the Japanese civilian population outside the two cities was more restricted.

Nevertheless, it seems clear that, even without the atomic bombing attacks, air supremacy over Japan could have exerted sufficient pressure to bring about unconditional surrender and obviate the need for invasion.

The role of the atomic bomb in the surrender must be considered along with all the other forces which bore upon that question with Japan.


Chongqing Bombing survivors protest against Japanese …

At about 8 a.m., Japanese planes filled the sky over Pearl Harbor. Bombs and bullets rained onto the vessels moored below. At 8:10, a 1,800-pound bomb smashed through the deck of the battleship USS Arizona and landed in her forward ammunition magazine. The ship exploded and sank with more than 1,000 men trapped inside.

Japan on the very day of the Nagasaki bombing.

On June 1, 1945, the Interim Committee recommended to President Truman "that the [atomic] bomb should be used against Japan as soon as possible; that it should be used on a war plant surrounded by workers' homes; and that it be used without prior warning." (, Correspondence ("Top Secret") of the Manhattan Engineering District, 1942-1946, RG 77, microfilm publication M1109, file 3, National Archives, Washington, DC).

Eyewitness Account of Atomic Bomb Over Nagasaki | …

The Japanese plan was simple: Destroy the Pacific Fleet. That way, the Americans would not be able to fight back as Japan’s armed forces spread across the South Pacific. On December 7, after months of planning and practice, the Japanese launched their attack.

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In 2006, 188 Chongqing Bombing victims filed a group lawsuit against the Japanese government with the Tokyo District Court, demanding an apology and compensation.

The Tokyo Fire Raids, 1945 - EyeWitness to History

“Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.”

Bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the right ..

Representatives of the plaintiffs and some Japanese citizens who sympathize with victims of the bombing held a gathering in a parliamentary building Thursday afternoon to protest against the ruling.