This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation

The Protestant Reformation is one of the defining events of the last millennium
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Causes of the Protestant Reformation | Ms

While this article will not concern itself with the Catholic Reformation, which took place soon after the Protestant one began, a few words may be stated about its causes and effects.

Spain and Italy were to be the great centers of theCounter-Reformation and Protestantism never gained a strong foothold there.
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I think one of the other main causes of the Reformation was politics

This completely misses the libertarian's point, which is a randomness that breaks the causal chain of back to the universe origin.! But then Dennett's argument for libertarianism may just be a compatibilist's straw man. He does not pursue it in his later works, such as Elbow Room, The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting (Dennett, 1984) or the more recent (2003).

In the beginning of the 16th century, many events occurred that led to the protestant reformation
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The Reformation accomplished two sad results, the one mortal, which was the separation of a large number of princes with their subjects from the Roman Church; and the other contagious, which was to chill more and more the devotion of all the other princes to the Papal See. The latter continued to adore Jesus Christ in the Eucharist; to believe in free will and Purgatory; they continued to say and show themselves, in all that did not offend their pride, loving children in Christ of the Pope; but, acting as not very affectionate children, they expelled him from their states, and they repelled the Church, forcing her to confine herself to the invisible sanctuary of her dogmas. They did not proclaim like Luther that the church was invisible; but they deprived her of her visibility, scarcely allowing her the sensible forms of her exterior worship. The Church is visible not only in the explicit confession of her dogmas, in the use of her sacraments, but also in that which is the essence of her visibility, subjection to the Pontiff, the Vicar of Jesus Christ. He presides over every Catholic man in the complement of his individuality, that is to say, in his reason. Now as the social life is the life of man, precisely because he is rational, the Vicar of Jesus Christ cannot rule every man without touching, with his authority, civil society in which there exists the complement of man. The princes expelled the Pope from this society, they confined him in the Church; and while they called themselves Catholic, and most Christian, political atheism dishonored the administration of their States. From political to religious atheism [would be] only a step… 115

07/09/2011 · A variety of causes contributed to the reformation which can be conveniently studied under the following heads: 1
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Calvinisn: The Reformation and Counter Reformation

We can combine these determinist and indeterminist taxonomies with a taxonomy of incompatibilist positions. The result is a bit complex, because incompatibilists contain both determinists and libertarians, making for a very confused debate by thinkers who are nominally committed to clear concepts as called for by analytic language philosophy.

The age of Reformation and Counter-Reformation

Rather, to a degree that has usuallybeen overlooked by Protestant historians and that has often been ignored even byRoman Catholic historians, there was a distinct historical movement in the 16thcentury that can only be identified as the Roman Catholic Reformation.

Why John Calvin did not Recognize the Distinction …

So all man’s external activity, springing from a nature deprived of Supernatural Life and subject to the dictates of a ruler who must look upon himself not as a Christian but as a ruler, is completely naturalistic. By this individualism and separation the way is made smooth for modern Naturalism and Liberalism. Thus the life of the Citizen is separated and sectioned off from the life of the Christian. Accordingly, each Protestant State, after the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, expressed this separatist ideal by organizing its national form of religion as a State Department. [Does this remind one of what happened in the East six hundred years previous?]” 28

An Age Of Reformation | The American Conservative

The author of this commentary, William Cobbett, is correct in his estimation of the so-called Reformation. It certainly cannot be called a biased opinion, for you see, Mr. Cobbett was a Protestant when he penned these words back in 1824. He was only stating the facts that an honest inquiry into the events of the 16th and 17th centuries presented him.