Sit-Ins Background & Context

1960 was the year of the student-led lunch-counter sit-ins

At age 9, Gandhi entered the local school in Rajkot, near his home

The movement is typified by organisations such as , which subscribe to the idea of taking "" in defense of "mother earth" including , and . Movements such as the (ELF) and (ELA) also take this form of action, although focus on economic sabotage and , rather than civil disobedience. Radical environmentalists include notably , as well as; , , , , , , , , , and protesters.

All three of these men participated in acts of civil disobedience but each in his own way and for different reasons....

Civil War Coming To America | Real Jew News

If A Tree Falls: A Story of the Earth Liberation Front explores two pressing issues — environmentalism and terrorism — by lifting the veil on a radical environmental group the FBI calls America's "number one domestic terrorism threat." As an outreach tool, If A Tree Falls: A Story of the Earth Liberation Front provides an excellent springboard for deep discussion about the tensions inherent in social change movements. It explores differences among people who want to work within the system, those who support a strategy of civil disobedience and those who choose to "fight fire with fire" (literally and figuratively). As it asks hard questions about environmentalism, activism and the way we define terrorism, the film helps viewers reach beyond simplistic public policy debates to uncover the complex and passionate lives behind the headlines and statistics.

Three major firm believers and activists in civil disobedience were Henry David Thoreau, Martin Luther King Jr., and Gandhi.

These leaders have had courage and passion to start or encourage revelations; they have committed acts of civil disobedience to protest these laws put up by a corrupt government.

Elves, environmentalism, and “eco-terror”: Leaderless resistance and media coverage of the Earth Liberation Front


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The Unabomber was a solo act, but there were organizations that resorted to violence (although against property, not persons) to protest the degradation of the environment. The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) and Earth First! were two of the more notorious groups that grabbed headlines. Both organizations, like Greenpeace, used civil disobedience, but they went beyond protests and disruptive direct action campaigns such as tree sitting and road blockages. They also engaged in sabotage (which they call “ecotage”). Destroying ski lodges, pouring sugar into the gas tanks of Hummers parked in automobile-dealership lots, pouring chemicals on golf-course greens.

The Revolution in South Africa: An Analysis

The Earth Liberation Front, the more radical of the two organizations, has been designated a domestic terrorist organization by the FBI. ELF does not shrink from the term ecoterrorism, but it does not seek to harm individuals. It has taken credit for torching a ski lodge in Vail, Colorado (because the lodge was expanding into a forest that endangered the habitat of the Canada lynx), and attempting to burn down the U.S. Forestry Service facility in Irvine, Pennsylvania. One of the spokespersons for ELF, Craig Rosebraugh, was subpoenaed in 2002, when the United States was embarking on the “War on Terror,” to testify at a congressional hearing investigating both foreign and domestic terrorism.

Freedom Movement Bibliography - Civil Rights …

KEYSTONE XL PIPELINE
Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
Eco-terrorism
Cases

Social Disobedience and Eco-terrorism
Nathalia Campos Novoa
Daniela Pieschacón Puentes
Paula Quintero Acevedo

The Animal Liberation Front
(ALF)
Eco-terrorism
Cases

The Earth Liberation Front
(ELF)
Earth First!
2003
: Animal Rights Activists Firebomb Two California McDonald’s Restaurants
1992
: Animal Rights Activist Jailed for Releasing Cats
1979
: Animal Rights Activists Break into Medical School, Release Animals
1976
It is widely considered the US’s most active “ecoterrorist” movement and focuses primarily on attacking companies that perpetuate cruelty to animals, often in the form of animal experimentation.

Civil Rights Movement bibliography ..

The freedoms we enjoy today are the fruits of the struggles of our ancestors and forbearers, who refused to co-operate with unjust laws – whether it was slavery in the US, or racial segregation in South Africa and the US, or the colonisation of India. Our freedoms are gifts of Civil Disobedience and Satyagraha. In 1848, Henry David Thoreau coined the term ‘civil disobedience’ in his essay on why his commitment to the abolition of slavery led to his refusal to pay poll tax. Higher moral laws compel citizens to disobey lower laws that institutionalise injustice and violence.