Copernicus: Founder of Modern Astronomy (Great …

Galileo is often called the
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Copernicus Founder Of Modern Astronomy Great - …

In the 1929 Easter Parade in New York City, marching in the parade was a group of attractive young women, smoking cigarettes. It was seen at the time as a great victory for women’s freedom. It was later discovered that those marching, smoking debutantes were fashion models hired by at the behest of the American Tobacco Company. Bernays is considered the "father of public relations" and a professional descendant of Ivy Lee. He was a nephew of Sigmund Freud, and Joseph Goebbels used Bernays's in his campaign against the Jews. The tobacco companies were cynically manipulating American women into thinking that smoking was a badge of freedom. Bernays was a non-smoker who lived to be 103, who also designed the .

His work had a major influence in several fields ofmodern mathematics as well as gauge theories of physics.
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Copernicus: founder of modern astronomy | …

Even after the Lorillard affair, the AMA and the tobacco interests stayed in bed together for nearly another 40 years. Immediately after the USA's Surgeon General issued a report in January 1964, which was damning of smoking and cigarettes, the AMA spent $500,000 of its own money, and the tobacco companies contributed another $10 million, to fund a "study" to counteract the Surgeon General's report. The AMA issued a brochure in May 1964 titled: . The brochure downplayed the hazards of smoking, stating that smoking's greatest health hazard was smoking in bed and burning the house down. The brochure tamely suggested that some research pointed to some health problems, although "some equally competent physicians and research personnel are less sure of the effect of cigarette smoking and health." The brochure concluded with "Smoke if you feel you should, but be moderate." The tobacco companies were so pleased with the AMA's stance on smoking that they kicked in another $8 million for further AMA "research."

Galileo's contributions outside physics and astronomywere also enormous:He invented the compound microscope and made early discoveries with it.
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In the 20th century, lobotomy was one method of "curing" many maladies, prominently used on women. Hysterectomy and mastectomy have been very "popular" over the past century, invented and performed almost exclusively by male doctors. They operate from the principle of “when in doubt, cut it out.” From foot binding in China to Suttee in India to hunting witches in Europe to clitoridectomy in Africa to the "enlightened" practices of modern medicine, the record is long and grim.

He was himself a famous astronomer:he discovered Titan and was first toproperly describe Saturn's rings and the Orion Nebula.
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The founder of modern astronomy was probably of German ..

Ptolemy also wrote on trigonometry, optics, geography, map projections,and astrology; but is most famous for his astronomy,where he perfected the geocentric model of planetary motions.

the evolution of the Copernican astronomy in its founder's mind.

He advanced a rudimentary arithmetic and algebraic notation, allowedrational-number solutions to his problems rather than just integers,and was aware of results like the Brahmagupta-Fibonacci Identity;for these reasons he is often called the "Father of Algebra."His work, however, may seem quite limited to a modern eye:his methods were not generalized, he knew nothingof negative numbers, and, though he often dealt with quadraticequations, never seems to have commented on their second solution.

Copernicus, the founder of modern astronomy

As an astronomer, Hipparchus is credited with the discoveryof equinox precession, length of the year, thoroughstar catalogs, and inventionof the armillary sphere and perhaps the astrolabe.

Nicolaus Copernicus - Wikipedia

Historically, women have dispensed most health care, but it was usually done for family members and those women were not financially compensated. Even when saint-like figures such as Florence Nightingale brought women into the modern healing profession, along with the principle of sanitation, they initially had to work for free and had to be completely subservient to the male doctors. In the standard, male-written histories of medicine, women are so scarce that they stand out as remarkable when mentioned. There are debates about how many women died in the witch hunts (likely several tens of thousands, at least – and about 75% of all witch executions); how many were healers and midwives is also a source of debate, but what is not debatable is that when the Catholic Church’s ideological dominance eventually gave way to the rise of Western science, the baton passed from one male-dominated establishment to another. When science rose in the West, generally considered to have begun with heliocentric theory, women were conspicuously absent. That was partly due to women often being forbidden formal education. Western religion and science were united in their misogyny. The conquest-of-nature attitude that still dominates Western thinking also reflected the denigration of all things feminine.