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Which of the following theories can be used with all three levels of analysis?

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In this seminar paper i will look at the different points of criticism onPost-Development that can be found in the relevant literature. Which criticismis relevant?

Lost Garden: A blunt critique of game criticism

In summary, Denise’s critique lacks a sense of proportionality. She gives (with considerable hyperbole, at times) the analyses of the China data more weight than they deserve by ignoring the remaining evidence discussed in the other 17 chapters in the book. The China research project was a cornerstone study, yes, but it was NOT the sole determinant of my views (as I have repeated, almost ad nauseum in my lectures). In doing so, and except for a few denigrating remarks on our experimental animal research, she also ignores the remaining findings that I presented in our book. She seems not to understand what our laboratory research was showing. Using univariate correlations mostly without adjustment for confounding factors, qualification of variable authenticity, and/or biological plausibility can lead to haphazard evidence, subject to the whims of personal bias. Also, univariate correlations of this type can lead to too much emphasis on individual nutrients and foods as potential causes of events.

First, what Post-Development intends and what it means, will be shortlyintroduced. To put Post-Development in a theoretical background, postmodernismand its relation to Post- Development will be explained. Second, the main pointsof criticism will be presented. In a next step, these points will be given anorder and will be answered and analyzed in terms of finding out their relevancetowards Post-Development. In my fourth step, parallels to myself in order ofreflexivity will be drawn: what does post-development mean to me? How doestheory influence my personal life? This is also supposed to be an outlook at thefuture.


A Critique of Crisis Theory | From a Marxist perspective

We study economic growth and inflation at different levels of government and external debt. Our analysis is based on new data on forty-four countries spanning about two hundred years. The dataset incorporates over 3,700 annual observations covering a wide range of political systems, institutions, exchange rate arrangements, and historic circumstances. Our main findings are: First, the relationship between government debt and real GDP growth is weak for debt/GDP ratios below a threshold of 90 percent of GDP. Above 90 percent, median growth rates fall by one percent, and average growth falls considerably more. We find that the threshold for public debt is similar in advanced and emerging economies. Second, emerging markets face lower thresholds for external debt (public and private)--which is usually denominated in a foreign currency. When external debt reaches 60 percent of GDP, annual growth declines by about two percent; for higher levels, growth rates are roughly cut in half. Third, there is no apparent contemporaneous link between inflation and public debt levels for the advanced countries as a group (some countries, such as the United States, have experienced higher inflation when debt/GDP is high.) The story is entirely different for emerging markets, where inflation rises sharply as debt increases.

Critique of Positive Psychology and Positive Interventions

The analysis of the criticism is important to proceed in the process of‚decolonizing our minds‘ and searching for ‚new landscapes‘ Escobarspeaks of.