The Death Penalty in Saudi Arabia
As of late 2012/early 2013, about twenty Libyan nationals, at least one Palestinian, at least one Sudanese national, and at least two Saudi nationals were on death row for terrorism convictions. In addition, one Yemeni juvenile and one Tunisian national are known to be on death row.
One Tunisian national was executed in November 2011 for terrorism. Two Syrian nationals and one Saudi national were executed in 2012 for terrorism.
Case against the death penalty - American Civil Liberties Union
While we were unable to find information about conditions on death row, prison and detention conditions generally are reported to be harsh and life-threatening, with unexplained deaths, riots, hunger strikes, and escapes.
Overcrowding is a problem, with reports indicating that prisoners are sometimes packed by the dozens into small cells without proper bedding. Prisons have inadequate sanitation, food, exercise facilities, and family visitation. Medical care is inconsistent. Some detention facilities do not have an on-site pharmacy or infirmary, and existing pharmacies are undersupplied. Limited infrastructure or aging physical plants in some facilities compound marginal sanitation, limited access to potable water, and poor quality food. Juveniles are sometimes imprisoned or detained in adult facilities where they share cells with adults and are rarely afforded access to education or vocational training.
Conditions in juvenile facilities and facilities administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government may be of higher quality (although pre-trial detainees may be exposed to severe conditions and torture).
There are documented cases of torture and other ill-treatment in prisons and detention centers. Government officials as well as local and international human rights organizations acknowledge that both the Iraqi and Kurdish regional government operate secret prisons.
The U.S. Department of State reports that in general, prison conditions in Saudi Arabia are below international standards, with particularly poor conditions prevalent in women’s prisons. Overcrowding is a problem, with domestic human rights organizations reporting overcrowding so severe as to require prisoners to sleep in shifts. Inmates have died of tuberculosis and suffered from preventable infectious diseases. Some educational and vocational training is provided, although we do not know whether it is provided to those sentenced to death. Terror convicts are held separately from all other convicts to prevent the spread of extremist ideology. Women, men and juveniles are held separately. The conditions for women or foreigners under sentence of death may be significantly better—for instance, one female domestic worker under sentence of death has been held in a converted private home, where she has reportedly been well-treated.
Other individuals held in Saudi prisons may either be tortured or exposed to an environment in which torture is common.
The United States Supreme Court ruled in Roper v
In its 1997 Concluding Observations regarding India’s compliance with the ICCPR, the Human Rights Committee recommended that India abolish the death penalty for juveniles and limit the offences punishable by death to the most serious crimes, with the aim of eventually abolishing the death penalty altogether.
In a 1997 meeting of the HRC, Ashok Desai of India stated that there was a trend toward decreasing the use of the death penalty, and that there were far fewer executions recently than in the past. Mr. Desai did not know of an increase in the number of offenses punishable by the death penalty, and stated that while the law on narcotics and psychotropic substances did provide for the death penalty, the law had never been applied in practice.
The Other Death Penalty: The Life Without Parole …
Treason might carry a hadd death penalty, although the circumstances under which a judicial hadd penalty would traditionally apply might be limited to terrorism-related offenses, or might include holding heterodox opinions--without more information we cannot describe the scope of this offense in Saudi Arabia.
"The Death Penalty in saudi arabia"
Consensual Sexual Relations Between Adults of Same Sex.
Judges reportedly treat gay and lesbian sexual relations as zina, applying the penalty of death or lashing according to the circumstances. In Saudi Arabia, the death penalty for homosexual sodomy or lesbianism applies as hadd, depending on proof.