Canadian Electoral Systems - The Canadian Encyclopedia

Voting Systems: Majority Election vs

The Troubling Reason the Electoral College Exists - Time

Given the massive unrest in Ethiopia and the consensus among Ethiopian minorities that the House of People’s Representatives doesn’t represent them, Ethiopia could fundamentally and peacefully transform its political environment by replacing the outdated FPTP electoral with the proportional representation (PR) system. If used properly, the parliamentarians in the House of People’s Representatives elected through the PR electoral system could reasonably depict an accurate portrait of the peoples, nations and nationalities of Ethiopia, and thereby reflect their own views. Therefore, the legislatures might reposition themselves to democratically reexamine and amend flaws in the existing constitution and take the necessary steps to restructure the perceived failures in Ethiopia’s existing structure.

10 reasons why the Electoral College is a problem | MinnPost

Provided the above steps are pursued carefully, Ethiopia’s transformation to democracy can become a reality. If properly managed, the proportional representation election system would undoubtedly allow multiple ballot choices to all Ethiopian citizens. Under this broad electoral spectrum, no eligible Ethiopian voter could be left out (Desta, 2017). In addition, proportional representation electoral process could mitigate Ethiopia’s rampant ethnic tensions. Thus, if Ethiopia can effectively and inclusively implement the PR electoral process, elections based on proportional representation could address and modify the Ethiopian constitution. If the existing constitution is revised and amended, it could undoubtedly serve as a pathway to democratization of the Ethiopian constitution and help Ethiopia mitigate ethnic conflicts and eventually attain its democratic ventures.

Dow, K (April 2011). “Party-System Extremism in Majoritarian and Proportional Electoral Systems,” British Journal of Political Science. 41, 2, 341-361.

Overview of Electoral Systems - ACE Electoral …

As discussed in my book, Re-thinking Ethiopia’s Ethnic Federalism (2017), currently, Ethiopia currently calculates the number of parliamentary seats awarded to parties or individuals after election based on the First Past the Post (FPTP) or “winner-take all” electoral system. According to the First Past the Post electoral system, a candidate who gets the most votes in an election is regarded as the winner and stands duly elected as a member of parliament (MP). In addition to its easy implementation, the FPTP system produces stability. It avoids fragmentation of legislatures because it can produce a decisive majority with little or no coalition government needed in any deliberation process. For example, despite the EPRDF’s narrow base across constituencies, the EPRDF has enjoyed a sweeping majority of votes over the years; indeed, it claims to have won 100 percent of the votes in Ethiopia’s May 24, 2015 parliamentary elections.

The Swedish electoral system - Start

Realizing increased antipathy towards the existing government, the current government seems willing to consider constructive suggestions to bring about tranquility and democratic transformation. Given this stand, an improvement in the electoral process would likely help revise and amend the constitution and speed up the democratic process, thereby contributing to peaceful change in Ethiopia. In other words, “instead of becoming dependent on the existing system that has created a mono-party system, Ethiopia must entertain creating multi-party system that are given equal level field to amend the text of the existing Ethiopian constitution” (Desta, 2017).

Mixed Systems - ACE Electoral Knowledge Network

Some parts of the world have very complicated voting systems, but Canada's, known as the plurality system, is very simple. In any constituency, the voter casts a single vote and the candidate with the greatest number of votes is elected. The process is often known as “first-past-the-post,” and it can produce some strange results. While the winning candidate in a constituency in which only two candidates run must have a majority of the votes cast, a candidate among three or more in another constituency may be elected with far less than the 50 per cent of the vote that would constitute a true majority.

Proportional Representation Electoral System: The …

The move to implement some form of electoral reform is politically divisive. Since reform stands to affect the number of seats each party wins in an election, the move to one system or another can arguably benefit one or more parties above others.