In Japan’s case, Emperor Hirohito was not
The greedy capitalists and the disloyal communists should both be defeated so that the National Essence could prosper and bring the Emperor's Benevolence to all of East Asia.
The takeover of Manchuria in 1931 was the first major act of fascist aggression in the 1930's, though the Japanese had long stationed troops there, as the Russians had before them.
He was the longest-reigning monarch in Japan’s history
Instead, I use a more literal translation for its two Chinese characters, which together can be taken to mean "heavenly sovereign." has been translated in the West because of the assumption of strong parallels between Chinese and Japanese kingship: since there was a Chinese emperor, there must also have been a Japanese emperor.
Japan itself can still be called , "Great Wa," but this combination is now read Yamato, the old name for Japan, derived from the area, later a province, where the Dynasty of Emperors and the Japanese State originated (hence the "Yamato Period" -- for the Eras of the Yamato Period, see the ).
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This distinction is even preserved in , where is "emperor" but is "Emperor of Japan." The Emperor could also simply be the "Son of Heaven," , in Japanese, in Vietnamese.
Isaac Meyer – Historian, teacher, podcaster
First of all, has been translated "emperor," not just in the West, but in Japan itself, where it has been the official title, in translation, of the sovereign of Japan ever since the Japanese determined for themselves the equivalences between Japanese and European .
World War II was fought between two major groups of nations
To all the countries , as to Imperial Princes, the Emperors bestowed no more than the title , "King." This was not graciously received in courts, like , where the Monarch was regarded as the equal of the , "Son of Heaven."Several characters are used to mean "dynasty." With the Dynasties we see (which, with a different pronunciation, otherwise means "morning," as in the name of the Japanese , , "Morning Mist").
They became known as the Axis Powers and the Allied Powers
Similarly, the idea that "since there was a Chinese emperor, there must also have been a Japanese emperor" was also not a characteristic just of Western judgment but of the judgment of the Japanese themselves, apparently since Prince Shôtoku, regardless of the "very different forms" of Chinese and Japanese monarchy.
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Later in Japanese history, it became common for many figures, Regents and Shôguns as well as Emperors, to retire from office but sometimes to continue exercising much of their previous power.
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Military zealots, usually on the spot, initiated actions that the Government was literally afraid to repudiate -- Prime Ministers were assassinated just for the impression of not being sufficiently hard-line (though some revisionist historians now argue that the whole business was masterminded by Emperor Hirohito himself).