Child sexual exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse
Victims of commercial sexual exploitation often need safe housing and protection from their exploiters (Clawson and Dutch, 2008). Unfortunately, placement with their families of origin may not be optimal given the correlation between early abuse within the home and youths’ subsequent engagement in commercial sexual exploitation, as well as the risks of reexploitation and the stresses of reunification noted above. Victims who feel that they are bound by “contracts” they have signed with their exploiters need to be reassured that such agreements are legally unenforceable (Williamson et al., 2009). Minors who were born in the United States but whose parents are present in this country illegally may be particularly reluctant to seek help for fear of causing their parents to be deported. As a result of these and other complex legal challenges, all victims of commercial sexual exploitation need access to informed and effective counsel, typically working in conjunction with case managers. This sort of assistance, however, is rarely available.
Bought and Sold: The Exploitation of Female Sexuality in …
For runaway and homeless youth, the risks of continued exploitation have different sources, arising in part from the influence of peer networks and predatory groups of older adolescents and adults. These youth also are highly vulnerable to various forms of violence. Estes and Weiner (2001) note that children living on the streets “are subject to an extraordinary range of social, emotional, physical, health and economic risks not experienced by other children” (p. 63), including poverty, hunger, and illnesses
According to Estes and Weiner (2001), the risk of reexploitation for victims of commercial sexual exploitation varies for those still living in their own homes and those who have left home as either runaways or “thrown-away” youth. The former victims are at substantial risk of reexploitation in cases in which families are complicit and in which the commercial sexual exploitation has not been identified by social service agencies, schools, police, or health systems and in which, therefore, no child protection intervention has occurred. Estes and Weiner (2001) note that the risks of reexploitation are especially high in families that move frequently to avoid detection by law enforcement and child protection. In families with high levels of domestic violence, substance abuse, mental illness, and risky sexual behaviors, the risks are even higher, especially for postpubescent girls, who become sexual targets for male family members, family associates, and strangers.
Report reveals 1,400 cases of sexual exploitation - CNN
Addiction and substance abuse are higher among victims of commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking as well. Adolescents and young adults who are victims of commercial sexual exploitation have significantly increased rates of nicotine disorder (Al Mamun, 2007) and substance abuse (Diaz et al., 2002). While prior substance use or abuse is a risk factor for some victims of commercial sexual exploitation, for others it may be a coping mechanism or self-medication for their exploitation (Marshall and Hendtlass, 1986). In addition, as discussed earlier, drugs may be used by those exploiting victims of commercial sexual exploitation as a way of increasing their control and the victim’s dependency (Walker, 2002).
History of confession is a tale of sexual obsession, exploitation
sexual exploitation may be at risk for depression, suicide, and PTSD (Jeffreys, 2000). Indeed, studies of the psychological impact of commercial sexual exploitation among women and adolescents highlight problems that are similar to the aforementioned problems noted in studies of child sexual abuse (Brannigan and Van Brunschot, 1997). Adolescent victims of commercial sexual exploitation experience more emotional and mental health problems than nonvictims, and several studies indicate that victims of commercial sexual exploitation have long-term psychological sequelae that persist into adulthood (Trickett et al., 2011b), such as low self-esteem, affective disorders (including depression, trauma, anxiety, and panic attacks), suicidality, and attempted suicide (Sickel et al., 2002; Trickett et al., 2011b). In addition, service providers report that victims of commercial sexual exploitation show extremely high rates of fear and anxiety; altered relationships with others, including the inability to trust others; and self-destructive behaviors, including suicidality (Willis and Levy, 2002). They report that victims of commercial sexual exploitation also show changed feelings about themselves, including “profound guilt and shame” (Clawson and Goldblatt Grace, 2007, p. 1).
Sexuality in ancient Rome - Wikipedia
Given documented associations between child sexual abuse and commercial sexual exploitation of minors, this research suggests that victims of commercial