National First Ladies' Library's biography for Eleanor Roosevelt
Mrs. Roosevelt's father was known as a sportsman and big-game hunter, and her mother was a noted beauty of the day. When Eleanor was 8 her mother died, and the young girl went to life with her maternal grandmother, Mrs. Valentine G. Hall, at Tivoli, N. Y., not far from Poughkeepsie. Her father died a year and a half later.
Mrs. Roosevelt, First Lady 12 Years, Often Called …
On March 4, 1933, her husband was inaugurated as the 32d President, and Eleanor Roosevelt began her 12 years as the First Lady. At the White House she established a weekly conference with the press, the first of its kind ever held by a First Lady, and attended only by women journalists.
Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt was more involved in the minds and hearts and aspirations of people than any other First Lady in history. By the end of her life she was one of the most esteemed women in the world.