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Sadly, it seems that the evidence released years ago was only scratching the surface.
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The purpose of this contribution is to present the progressive development of international legal standards of prosecution of war crimes and those who committed them within the first half of the twentieth century. In this period also international law had to respond inevitably to the two global conflicts marked by the crimes against humanity and war aggression. We focus on the dominant questions of the legal regulations of warfare, war crimes in international treaties. Emphasis was put on concrete examples from legal history that contributed to advancing the issue in international forum. Essential role was played by proficient lawyers whose names are indelibly imprinted in legal history.

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Absolutism; Castile; Empire; Habsburg dynasty; Emperor Charles V; King Fernando II of Aragon; of Aragon; de Castilla; Pactism; rebellion; Indies; Conquest of Mexico; Hernan Cortes; Royal Council of Castile; Revolution; tyranny; uprising; Board of Trade of Seville; African slave trade; of Santiago de Compostela; Justinian; Spanish Royal Succesion; Navarre; Italian Signorias; Spanish Crown; Toledo; Junta; treason; liberty;

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The role of women in society is characterized by their positions in their family, economic status, education, employment and political rights and their enforcement. My research on the social situation of Hungarian women starts at the second part of the 19th Century when the extension of women’s rights begun as the result of the civil reforms in 1867.

civil law; Codex Theresianus; codification; customary law; legal interpretation unification of law.
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A Historical Overview of the Emergence of Certain Electoral Systems

Quintilian’s Lesser Declamation 360 deals with an insolvent decedent’s estate. Both, the mother in law and the widowed daughter claim back their dowries. The solution to the problem is the favor dotis. The case and its solution give a very good insight into the relationship between rhetoric and jurisprudence in Rome. Both are far more intermingled than the modern Romanist would like them to be. Therefore, the declamation is to be considered a first rate source of Roman law of dowry.

Assembly; Legislative; Law; Electoral.

XXIX International Historical and Legal Conference "Sources of Ukrainian Law, other Countries and the International Countries’ Community: History and Modernity"

Legal tradition; Polish Code of Obligations; codification.

The constitutional history is a constituent and very important segment of the science of constitutional law. From the beginning of the political history of the society, several legal acts have been enacted to regulate different social issues, including those concerning the behavior of the rulers. The first elements of constitution, as well as the first scientific premises that are significant for its content as legal act, are introduced in the Greco-Roman world. This period is the beginning of history of the constitution in formal sense as well as in material sense even though in a rudimentary form. Even though, there is considerable data that certain states have enacted written acts with highest legal force before the end of 17th century, the science of constitutional law considers that the emergence of written constitutionalism is related to first written constitutions of American states in the 18th century.

The Abolition of Capital Punishment in the major Countries of Europe

The essay examines the early new age history of the Faculty of Law in the University of Vienna. It analyzes in brief the causes why was not the Faculty of Law regarded as a significant educational institution before Maria Theresia’s reforms started in 1753. It introduces the functions and the importance of the Doktorenkollegium () in the life of the Faculty during this period. Finally, it reveals the data which can be found in the Archive of the University of Vienna about the 12 members from Hungary.

birth; communist party; soviet constitution; China; Hungary.

This article is devoted to an additional article of 13 February 1825, which is an example of Russian policy in the Polish Kingdom (1815-1830). The author tried to analyze the historical and legal issues, starting with the basic assumption that constitutional system of The Polish Kingdom, was based on ,,the principle of monarchy’’. The additional article introduced the secret meeting of the Sejm of the Polish Kingdom and prevented public participation in the sessions of the parliament. The author presented the one hand, the views of the opponents of such a solution, mainly Kalisz Group. They thought it was a blow to the opposition. On the other hand article presents the views of people (Stanisław Staszic, Kajetan Koźmian, prince Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki) supporting changes in the mode of operation of the Sejm. According to the proponents of this idea, the changes introduced elementary order in the parliamentary session.