About USIP | United States Institute of Peace
In example, the States that has “the administration of territories whose peoples have not yet attained full measure of self-government recognize the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these territories are paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation to promote to the utmost, within the system of international peace and security established by the present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of these territories, and, to this end: c.
Pacifism is opposition to war, militarism, or violence
Operating on the theory that local voices would have more credibility than American ones, it fed news to foreign reporters about how well the Marshall Plan was progressing in their countries and recruited top European directors to produce hundreds of news features and documentaries that promoted “Western values” like free trade and representative democracy.America went into the propaganda war with distinct advantages.
Islam emphasizes on the need of peace and avoids war. If war is thrust upon Muslims, then they are asked to defend themselves. Islam does not permit transgression and aggression in any case. In Sura Mumtahana (The woman to be Examined) the Quran says: “Allah does not forbid you, with regards to those who do not fight you for (your) faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loves those who are just – Allah only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes and support (others) in driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and protection). It is such as turn to them (in those circumstances), that do wrong.” (60:8-9) These verses clearly show that when the Muslims are mistreated and attacked then they must resist and defend themselves. Against aggressors the Quran is very sensitive and specific. Not only about the non-Muslim, even about the Muslim aggressor in Sura Al-Hujurat (The inner Apartment) the Quran says: “If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, you make peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other then you (all) fight against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah: but if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: for Allah loves those who are fair (and just).” (49:9) The Quran severely condemns injustice, cruelty and bloodshed. The Quranic warfare values are mentioned in the Suras the Spoils of war; the Repentance; the Inner Apartments; the Gathering; the Spider and the Holding.
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However, it is important to mention that the main objective of the conference was the peace; therefore, the instruments adopted were promoting actions in favor of it, especially the Convention for the peaceful adjustment of international differences, in which the states established it’s firmly will to cooperate for a general peace, to make all the efforts to always have a peaceful adjustment of international differences and to strengthen the international justice.
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But as the first conference, the intention was to promote the peace and the pacific settlement of international disputes through the principle of compulsory arbitration.
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The main objective of this organization was to maintain “peace and security [through] reduction of armament, peaceful adjustment of differences, limitation to appeal to war, collective independence in the independence of each member and sanctions against the states that use the force instead of a peaceful agreement”.
Realism, Liberalism and the Possibilities of Peace
In the second part of this article, I will try to prove that the principal objective of the United Nations is to maintain international peace and security and in order to fulfill this objective the other three main objectives of the United Nations are required, in particular the respect and promotion of Human Rights.
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In example, the Security Council has the main objective to maintain peace and security, the International Court of Justice and the General Assembly have the main objective to promote the friendly settlement of disputes, the Economic and Social Council has to promote the cooperation between the States in order have and equal development of them in economic and social matters.