the Age of Reason and the Enlightenment
Organized Freemasonry had been smashedbecause of its Enlightenment legacy of 'humanity, tolerance and liberalism', andbecause it was a vehicle for promoting 'Jewish ideas and objectives'."
The Legacy of the Enlightenment - Google Sites
(25) A Guide for Beginning the Essentials of Devotional Yoga. This book is a guide for anyone who wants to begin the practice of bhakti-yoga in a practical and effective way. This supplies the information, the principles, the regular activities or , and how to have the right attitude in applying ourselves to attain success on the path of bhakti-yoga, which is uniting with God through love and devotion.
TheEnlightenment was a period of nearly unbounded optimism and faith inthe human race's ability to solve its own problems, includingrestructuring government and society along more reasonable lines. Therewere two main factors leading into this search for a rational approachto creating a better society. First of all, Deism, with its idea of aGod detached from our affairs, gave us the ability and responsibilityto solve our own problems. Second, this was a period of rapid socialand economic changes, especially in England with its booming colonialempire and economy. London's population jumped from c.700,000 in 1715to 2.7 million by 1815. Such rapid growth led to squalid livingconditions, alcoholism (gin consumption increasing by a factor of 10times), drug abuse, and crime. While Deism may have given us the powerand responsibility to reform society, these conditions provided anurgent need for such reforms. The result was a flurry of new ideas inpolitical science, economics, psychology, and social reform.
What Were the Major Ideas of the Enlightenment
(26) : If God Were to Tell You the Truth About Life, This is It. This books explains who is Lord Krishna, why He appears in this world, and His instructions about the purpose of life and what we are supposed to do here, and how to use it to make the best use of our situation. This is like the secret knowledge of life that we should all know.
Enlightenment, Secularism and the Freedom of …
Though Locke’s liberalism has been tremendously influential, hispolitical theory is founded on doctrines of natural law and religionthat are not nearly as evident as Locke assumes. Locke’sreliance on the natural law tradition is typical of Enlightenmentpolitical and moral theory. According to the natural law tradition, asthe Enlightenment makes use of it, we can know through the use of ourunaided reason that we all – all human beings, universally– stand in particular moral relations to each other. The claimthat we can apprehend through our unaided reason a universalmoral order exactly because moral qualities and relations (inparticular human freedom and equality) belong to the nature of things,is attractive in the Enlightenment for obvious reasons. However, asnoted above, the scientific apprehension of nature in the period doesnot support, and in fact opposes, the claim that the alleged moralqualities and relations (or, indeed, that any moral qualitiesand relations) are natural. According to a commonEnlightenment assumption, as humankind clarifies the laws of naturethrough the advance of natural science and philosophy, the true moraland political order will be revealed with it. This view is expressedexplicitly by the philosophe Marquis de Condorcet, in hisSketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the HumanMind (published posthumously in 1795 and which, perhaps betterthan any other work, lays out the paradigmatically Enlightenment viewof history of the human race as a continual progress to perfection).But, in fact, advance in knowledge of the laws of nature in thescience of the period does not help with discernment of a naturalpolitical or moral order. This asserted relationship between naturalscientific knowledge and the political and moral order is under greatstress already in the Enlightenment. With respect to Lockeanliberalism, though his assertion of the moral and political claims(natural freedom, equality, et cetera) continues to have considerableforce for us, the grounding of these claims in a religious cosmologydoes not. The question of how to ground our claims to natural freedomand equality is one of the main philosophical legacies of theEnlightenment.
The Scottish Enlightenment: The invention of modern …
Baruch Spinoza also greatly contributes to the development ofEnlightenment political philosophy in its early years. Themetaphysical doctrines of the Ethics (1677) lay thegroundwork for his influence on the age. Spinoza’s argumentsagainst Cartesian dualism and in favor of substance monism, the claimin particular that there can only be one substance, God or nature, wastaken to have radical implications in the domains of politics, ethicsand religion throughout the period. Spinoza’s employment ofphilosophical reason leads to the denial of the existence of atranscendent, creator, providential, law-giving God; this establishesthe opposition between the teachings of philosophy, on the one hand,and the traditional orienting practical beliefs (moral, religious,political) of the people, on the other hand, an opposition that is oneimportant aspect of the culture of the Enlightenment. In his mainpolitical work, Tractatus Theologico-Politicus (1677),Spinoza, building on his rationalist naturalism, opposes superstition,argues for toleration and the subordination of religion to the state,and pronounces in favor of qualified democracy. Liberalism is perhapsthe most characteristic political philosophy of the Enlightenment, andSpinoza, in this text primarily, is one of its originators.