John Locke (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
And if someone else doesn't want their money wasted on bureaucrats, public employee unions, and people who make no effort to help themselves, then they must be "mean spirited."This may all seem a long way from John Locke, but it is not.
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In addition to the kinds of ideas noted above, there are alsoparticular and abstract ideas. Particular ideas have in them the ideasof particular places and times which limit the application of the ideato a single individual, while abstract general ideas leave out theideas of particular times and places in order to allow the idea toapply to other similar qualities or things. There has beenconsiderable philosophical and scholarly debate about the nature ofthe process of abstraction and Locke’s account of it. Berkeley arguedthat the process as Locke conceives it is incoherent. In part this isbecause Berkeley is an imagist—that is he believes that allideas are images. If one is an imagist it becomes impossible toimagine what idea could include both the ideas of a right andequilateral triangle. Michael Ayers has recently argued that Locke toowas an imagist. This would make Berkeley’s criticism of Locke verymuch to the point. Ayers’ claim, however, has been disputed. (See, forexample, Soles, 1999.) The process of abstraction is of considerableimportance to human knowledge. Locke thinks most words we use aregeneral (III, I. 1. p., 409). Clearly, it is only general or sortalideas that can serve in a classificatory scheme.
John Rawls (b. 1921, d. 2002) was an American political philosopher inthe liberal tradition. His theory of justice as fairnessdescribes a society of free citizens holding equal basic rights andcooperating within an egalitarian economic system. His theory ofpolitical liberalism delineates the legitimate use ofpolitical power in a democracy, and envisions how civic unity mightendure despite the diversity of worldviews that free institutionsallow. His writings on the law of peoples set out a liberalforeign policy that aims to create a permanently peaceful and tolerantinternational order.
John Locke (1632-1704) - Friesian School
is the one journal in the world that deals specifically with John Locke. It began publication in 1970 under the title ; the title was changed to in 2001. It was founded by Roland , who edited it for 43 years; the current editor (2013- ) is Timothy . Befinning in 2018, will become an open-access online journal, overseen by The John Locke Society and edited by (Western University)
LOCKE, John (1632-1704) - World history
Locke, indeed, founds the tradition of British Empiricism and also, for some time, a discipline of philosophical psychology, which thus transitions from a metaphysical theory of the soul to an empirical study of the mind.
John Locke Facts - YourDictionary
is dedicated to the scholarly study of John Locke, his accomplishments, and his intellectual milieu. The aim is to promote fruitful interactions and critical engagements among scholars from all areas of Locke studies.
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Locke's theory of abstraction, while again trying to preserve sensible distinctions from traditional philosophy, also ends up rejected by the later Empiricists:
The use of Words then being to stand as outwards marks of our internal , and those being taken from particular things, if every particular that we take in, should have a distinct Name, Names must be endless.
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The drew heavily upon English philosopher John Locke in establishing America’s , most notably the recognition of , the , and .