King Arthur in medieval sources | Judy Shoaf

King Arthur in medieval sources

King Arthur :: The Middle Ages - Medieval Resources

In Robert de Boron's Merlin, later followed by Thomas Malory, Arthur obtained the throne by pulling a from a stone and anvil. In this account, this act could not be performed except by "the true king", meaning the divinely appointed king or true heir of Uther Pendragon. This sword was presumably the famous Excalibur and the identity is made explicit in the later so-called Vulgate Merlin Continuation. However in what is sometimes called the Post-Vulgate Merlin Excalibur was taken from a hand rising from a lake and given to Arthur sometime after he began to reign by a sorcerous damsel (confused by post-medieval writers with The Lady of the Lake). In this Post-Vulgate version the sword's blade could slice through anything and its sheath made the wearer invincible.

The Romance of Arthur : An Anthology of Medieval Texts in Translation ..

Medieval Romance/King Arthur - SlideShare

King Arthur is an important figure in the mythology of Great Britain. He is the central character in Arthurian legends (known as the Matter of Britain), although there is disagreement about whether Arthur, or a model for him, ever actually existed and in the earliest mentions and Welsh texts he is never given the title "king". Early texts refer to him as dux bellorum ("war leader") and High Medieval Welsh texts often call him amerauder ("emperor"). However, a recent translation of newly discovered documents may have referred to him as a king.

Models of Kingship: Arthur in Medieval Romance | History Today

Some members of this school, most notably Geoffrey Ashe and Fleuriot, have argued for identifying Arthur with one Riothamus, "King of the Brettones", who was active during the reign of the Roman Emperor Anthemius. Unfortunately, Riothamus is a shadowy figure of whom we know little, and scholars are not certain whether the "Brettones" he led were Britons or Bretons.

Arthurian Romance - Medieval Studies - Oxford Bibliographies


So who was King Arthur - King Arthur, the legend of …

Stories about King Arthur and his knights are commonly grouped into one of two traditions: the chronicle tradition and the romance tradition. Why don't you go ahead and compare Geoffrey of Monmouth's to ? What are some of the differences you see between these two traditions? How does Geoffrey make his telling sound more like "history"? What makes Malory's tale seem more fantastical? Do the two formats overlap in any ways?

A Kid in King Arthur's Court (1995) - IMDb

Another school of thought believes that Arthur is at best a half-forgotten Celtic deity devolved into a personage (citing sometimes a supposed change of the sea-god Lir into King Lear) or a possibly fictive person like Beowulf.

With Thomas Ian Nicholas, Joss Ackland, Art Malik, Paloma Baeza

Theliterary fashion or convention which imposed itself in this way onthe romancers was thoroughly bad; but the saving merit in thisrespect of the Arthurian romances is that, though they insist on thissituation in order to show the hero daring all sorts of dangers, theymake it perfectly clear that the situation was wrong and could not goun­punished. With one exception every knight who yielded to thissin is shown as paying for it with his life. The one exception is SirLauncelot, and him we see maimed and marred by thus setting his lovewhere he should not, and atoning for it, as much as a man may atonefor wrecking the lives of others, by bitter repentance.

King Arthur Flashcards | Quizlet

A number of volumes, some more technical than others, present elements of the Arthurian legend to students, general readers, and scholars in other fields. (This section includes “Companions” and “Introductions” to romances or Arthurian subjects in general. Those that treat a single author or work are listed in the sections devoted to particular languages.) is a concise and informative survey, with emphasis on English romance. may provide the broadest introduction to themes and approaches, whereas and offer series of essays on diverse Arthurian subjects, contributed by major specialists in the field. is a superb introduction to French romance and has much valuable information for those working with other literatures. The most detailed overviews are and . A number of studies, such as and the collection of essays edited by , deal with medieval romance in general, thus including but not limited to Arthurian material.