Achilles’ rupture - Lower Extremity Review Magazine
Snowboarding: in snowboarding, both feet are strapped onto the same board and always point the same direction. This relatively protects the knee from twisting. However, the upper-extremity is in the position to take the force of a fall. Most ski physicians agree that snowboarding carries a slightly higher risk of injury than alpine skiing. Most studies have found that beginning snowboarders (60%) are more likely to be injured than beginning skiers (30%). Injured snowboarders are twice as likely (34% vs 17%) to sustain a fracture compared to skiers. Snowboarding has a completely different pattern of injury to skiing - upper limb injuries predominate, followed by ankle and head injuries. Fracture of the lateral process of the talus is unusually common among snowboarders. Forward falls commonly result in shoulder injuries: anything from rotator cuff strains to collar bone fractures. Falls backwards more commonly produce wrist fractures or strains, spinal injuries (low back and/or neck area) and head injuries, usually from a direct blow to the back of the skull during a fall. are being modified and researched continuously, and there is strong evidence that they do prevent injury in snowboarders.
Pattern of injury in motor vehicle accidents
Unfortunately, as with every other outdoor sport, snow sports are associated with a risk of injury. But that risk is much lower than most people believe - less than 0.5% in fact. Skiing knee injuries, thanks to better bindings and ski design, are now falling in frequency and currently account for approximately 30-40% of all alpine ski injuries. Generally, it is safe to say that skiing and snowboarding are indeed safe sports.
Hiroyasu Ogawa et al.: The American Journal of Sports Medicine, March 2010, 38:532-537. Snowboarding-related injuries have been associated with specific snowboarding skill levels, but differences in specific skill level have not been identified. The subjects of this study were 19539 snowboarders from the Oku-Mino region in Gifu Prefecture, Japan, who were admitted to the hospital during the 12 snowboarding seasons from 1996 to 2008. They were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding age, gender, self-estimated skill level, injury location, injury type, mechanism of injury, and protective gear. Physicians documented diagnostic variables and injury severity score; these variables were compared among the self-estimated skill levels. Results: Of the total 19 539 injured snowboarders, 1204 (6.2%) were novices, 6409 (32.8%) were beginners, 9260 (47.4%) were intermediates, 1918 (9.8%) were experts, and the skill level was not known in 748 (3.8%). Proportions of the trunk and multiple injuries increased with increases in skill level; however, the number of head/face injuries decreased with increase in skill level. Upper extremity injuries also decreased with increase in skill level, except in novices. Dislocations and multiple injuries increased with increase in skill level, while lacerations/contusions, fractures, and bruises decreased. The mean overall injury severity score was 3.28 6 0.02, and the value increased significantly with increase in skill level. The proportion of collision and isolated fall injuries significantly decreased with increase in skill level, but that of jump injuries significantly increased. The percentage of protective gear use increased with the increase in skill level. Conclusion: Prevalence of injury type, injury location, mechanism of injury, and percentage of protective gear use varied according to skill level, and the severity of the injury increased with increase in skill level. On the basis of their observations, the authors believe that snowboarding injury prevention strategies should be formulated according to skill level.