Komodo dragon | biology, ecology, and conservation | Page 2

Plant diversity and land-use intensity have been shown to affect invertebrate herbivory

CSIRO PUBLISHING | Animal Production Science

The vision of the Satoyama Initiative is to realize societies in harmony with nature, comprising human communities where the maintenance and development of socio-economic activities including agriculture and forestry align with natural processes. By managing and using biological resources sustainably and thus properly maintaining biodiversity, humans will be able to enjoy a stable supply of various natural assets well into the future.

Tools for the Microbiome: Nano and Beyond - ACS …

An example of how harmonious human-nature interactions can sustain landscapes over prolonged periods is provided by one of Japan’s traditional agricultural landscapes – the landscape. landscape is characterized by a mosaic feature of different land uses such as woodland, grassland, paddy field, farmland, irrigation ponds and canals, and human settlements, which have been maintained in an integrated manner. are where farmers grow rice, cut grasses to maintain soil fertility and feed animals, and use wood for fuel and as a house-building material, just to name a few of the associated production activities. These landscapes also play an important role as the setting in which a range of religious and cultural activities are conducted. High levels of biodiversity have been maintained in these mosaics of diverse habitats, which were shaped and sustained by appropriate human management such as coppicing and farming. The same spirit of harmonious human-nature interaction characterizes , coastal areas or seascapes, which also enjoy higher levels of productivity and biodiversity. These include sandy or rocky seashores, tidal flats, coral reefs, and seaweed beds.

In many parts of the world, people have developed ways to utilize and manage their surrounding natural environment to sustain and improve their daily lives and production activities such as agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Based on knowledge and practices locally accumulated in such human-nature interactions over a long time, production activities and their management mechanisms have created elaborate systems that have continued to support local communities by providing foods, fuels, and other materials, nurturing traditions and culture, and maintaining ecosystems and biodiversity. However, they have been increasingly threatened by rapid socio-economic changes in recent years. Many have been converted into more uniform, efficient and large-scale production systems that often cause environmental degradation and loss of cultures and traditions. Therefore, it is important to explore ways and means for using and managing natural resources sustainably that benefit current and future generations.