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The Napoleonic Code consolidated the reforms of the Revolution and codified many of its liberal reforms, the consummation of several attempts and false starts that left only someone like Bonaparte in a position to oversee it.
What are some mind-blowing facts about Napoleon Bonaparte?
Never again would France be able to singularly challenge the great powers of Europe on its own, its post-Napoleonic individual successes would come from invading and colonizing weaker and smaller nations outside Europe, while its European successes were achieved with the aid of coalitions and alliances (including with after finally coming out on top of the centuries long Anglo-French rivalry), while eventually the illusion of its status as would end with the , which was a long-term consequence of the rise of German nationalism formed to combat and repel Bonaparte.
He embodied the ideal of meritocracy in a continent and society dominated by aristocratic hierarchy and which grew even more hostile to encroachments on their privileges upon the arrival of the Revolution and its many children, a group with which Napoleon never failed to include himself in despite doing everything he could (up to marrying 's niece) to get away from it.
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The Bourbon regime sent a contingent of soldiers to arrest Napoleon, but on confronting them, Napoleon cemented his legend by immediately converting the soldiers (who had been his just a year or so ago) and he returned to power in 1815, ruling for a hundred days during which he made overtures towards liberalism, such as bringing in critic Benjamin Constant to write a new liberal constitution with checks-and-balances, press freedoms as well as limits on his own power in civilian matters.
Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French - Timeline …
The author skips through the second abdication, removal to St Helena and Napoleon's dictation of his memoirs the four 'gospels' and his eventual death in 1821, before looking at the Emperor's legacy and legend the Napoleonic tradition(s). Englund looks at the rise of Bonapartism and the expansion of the Napoleonic cult, and gives us a fascinating insight into how the French state, politicians, academics and people have treated Napoleon and his legacy up to the present day. He also looks at how the building blocks and policies begun by Bonaparte continued and changed in the French state after his fall and looks at the problems and confusion that have plagued the French over how to treat the Emperor. He closes by defending Napoleon against comparison with Hitler, Stalin and other 20th Century dictators and highlights his leniency, decency and intellectual superiority to these figures, comparing him rather to a Renaissance prince and closing with Lord Roseberry's great words "Mankind will always delight to scrutinize something that indefinitely raises its conception of its own powers and possibilities."
Napoleon Bonaparte must be considered a hero in French history
Napoleon’s tomb is located in Paris, France, . Originally a royal chapel built between 1677 and 1706, the Invalides were turned into a military pantheon under Napoleon. In addition to Napoleon Bonaparte, several other French notables are buried there today, including Napoleon’s son, l'Aiglon, the King of Rome; his brothers, Joseph and Jérôme Bonaparte; Generals Bertrand and Duroc; and the French marshals Foch and Lyautey.
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION NAPOLEON BONAPARTE …
Englund looks rather briefly at Napoleon's downfall in 1813-1814, failing to give us a detailed, accurate description of the actions and motives of either Napoleon or the Allies, and racing through the Emperor's abdication and exile on Elba. Englund turns to the flight of the eagle and the short-lived 'liberal empire', looking at the intermittent rule of the Bourbons and the rallying of France to the Emperor. He looks at the actions of Napoleon in the hundred days and the nature of his new government, outlining its initial highly liberal nature and leaving it up to the reader to decide whether or not Napoleon was sincere in his intentions which were curtailed by Waterloo.