Placed on the Napoleon Series December 2002

_____SIDELIGHTS -- (Appendix.)_____


This was rather better than what Italy alone would be able to do in World War II in the same area, and was accomplished despite what one might imagine as ethnic dissention, if not sabotage, in the Austrian army.

- 1504+) ; aka Wilhelma van NAALDWIJK

New Amsterdam?) ; (van NAARDEN; NORDEN; orphan?)

If the Merovingians were indeed the family of Jesus and Mary Magdalene, it does seem like they should have behaved in some way different from other Dark Age German tribal rulers.

The "bloodline" legend continues with the idea that Godfrey (or Godefroi) of Bouillon, leader of the First Crusade and first ruler of the Kingdom of , was himself a descendant of the Merovingians, specifically of Dagobert II.


Nevertheless, there is no doubt that the wild claims now have taken on a life of their own, with the eagerness of the modern and conspiracy theorist to discredit all things Christian.

- 1126?) ; (later Lord of NABLUS)

Appeals from Pope Gregory III to Charles Martel himself for help against the Lombards in 739 and 740 had gone unheeded; but when Pope Stephen III travelled to meet Pepin III in 753-754, he procured Pepin's promise of help and sealed the pact by formally anointing Pepin King of the Franks.

- 1155+) ; (Estephanie Etienette)

Pepin defeated the Lombards in 754 and 756 and delivered to the Pope, over the protests of Roman officials from Constantinople, the "Exarchate of Ravenna" corridor from Rome to Ravenna.

a nail maker, or a thin person)

While there may be some historical information on descendants of the Merovingians, people who would continue the "bloodline," I haven't noticed any in reputable sources.

(NN) al-NAFZA ; many missing generations

This established the form, or at least claims, of the Papal States for the next 1100 years.

The Lombards would not stay defeated, and Pepin's son Charles eventually had to conquer them and annex their kingdom (774).


This gave Charles and the Pope ideas, especially when the Empress deposed and blinded her son, Constantine VI, in 797, assuming sole rule: the first time a woman ruled Romania in her own name.

- 1615+) ; (Melchionne Melchiore)

The Westerners were little disposed to regard a woman as a legitimate emperor -- women could not rule in the law of the Salic Franks (hence the "Salic Law" against female succession).