What is the difference between Norms and Values?

In contrast, many of the norms of a culture may simply reflect the values of the culture.

Culture: Values, Norms & Material Objects Research …

Make every effort to reach out and welcome them, tactfully offering any needed assistance, and incorporating them in the life and activities of the Church community as full and valued members.



§ 88 § Scripture and tradition form the core content of all adult catechesis, for the Church has always considered them the "supreme rule of faith." Through them we receive "the very word of God," and in them resounds "the voice of the Holy Spirit." Sacred Scripture provides the starting point for reflecting on the faith, while the Catechism of the Catholic Church serves as the "reference for the authentic presentation of the content of the faith." Use of Scripture and the Catechism—including the sources from which it draws, those to which it refers, and other catechetical resources based on and consonant with it—will help adults grasp the content of the faith and its practical application in Christian living.

§ 89 § The Catholic faith is like a symphony in which the unity of faith finds expression in richly diverse formulations and manifestations. As the General Directory for Catechesis states: "The maturation of the Christian life requires that it be cultivated in all its dimensions: knowledge of the faith, liturgical life, moral formation, prayer, belonging to community, missionary spirit.

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A more interesting case, and one relevant to a study of thereproduction of norms of cooperation, is that of a population in whichseveral competing strategies are present at any given time. What wewant to know is whether the strategy frequencies that exist at a timeare stable, or if there is a tendency for one strategy to becomedominant over time. If we continue to rely on the ESS solutionconcept, we see a classic example in the Hawk-Dove game. If weassume that there is no uncorrelated asymmetry between the players,then the mixed Nash equilibrium is the ESS. If we further assumethat there is no structure to how agents interact with each other, thiscan be interpreted in two ways: either each player randomizes his orher strategy in each round of play, or we have a stable polymorphism inthe population, in which the proportion of each strategy in thepopulation corresponds to the frequency with which each strategy would beplayed in a randomizing approach. So, in those cases where we canassume that players randomly encounter each other, whenever there is amixed solution ESS we can expect to find polymorphic populations.

Thus far we have examined accounts of social norms that take forgranted that a particular norm exists in a population. However,for a full account of social norms, we must answer two questionsrelated to the dynamics of norms. First, we must ask how a normcan emerge. Norms require a set of corresponding beliefs andexpectations to support them, and so there must be an account of howthese arise. Second, we must investigate the conditions underwhich a norm is stable under some competitive pressure from othernorms. Sometimes, multiple candidate norms vie for dominance in apopulation. Even if one norm has come to dominate the population,new norms can try to “invade” the existing norm'spopulation of adherents.


Norms, Values, and Beliefs by Samantha Aisyah …

Many of our contemporaries question the validity of objective moral norms and deny the connection of freedom and truth.

§ 33 § The dignity and sanctity of human life are threatened through the acceptance of contraception, abortion, social injustice, racism, violence of all kinds, discrimination against women, fear of the immigrant or the stranger, threats to the environment, the separation of personal integrity from public life and work, and increasing tolerance for capital punishment and assisted suicide.

Japan - VALUES AND BELIEFS - Country Studies

Results from social psychology and behavioral experiments supportthe hypothesis that only collectively shared normative beliefs, and notpersonal ones, matter to behavior (Cialdini et al. 1991; Bicchieri andXiao, 2009). In this sense, the social identity view rightlyhighlights the importance of shared beliefs. There are, however,several difficulties inherent in the use of the concept of socialidentity to explain conformity to norms. Such difficulties becomeapparent in the experimental literature on cooperative behavior insocial dilemmas.

Cultural Norms, Beliefs and Values | Mexican-American …

There are several consequences one can draw from the social identitytheory of norms. Insofar as norms are shared, collective beliefsof what actions are appropriate in what class of situations, they willbe consistent with actions, at least until the individual wants tobelong and be identified with a particular group that adopts the normsin question. Yet a change in social status and/or groupmembership will bring about a change in the norms relevant to the newstatus/group. In this sense, not just norm compliance, but normsthemselves are potentially unstable.

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Be it as it may, it follows that norms do not need to beinternalized in order to affect action. Conformity to norms isconditional: people would stop conforming to a norm if there weredoubts or disagreements about a particular group's identifyingcharacteristics, thus questioning the group's ability to validatea particular identity, or when a group is abandoned for a newone. The fierce disputes common to the first Christian groups arean example of the first challenge to conformity (Pagel 2003), whereaschanges in social status, such as the passage from student to faculty,are an example of the second.