Parental Expectations for Their Children’s ..
Fathers’ affection, support, warm-but-firm parenting style and high levels of parental sensitivity are strongly linked with their children’s better educational outcomes. In addition to the IQ effects noted above:
Parents’ educational expectations for their child ..
Given that children’s achievement in low income households is strongly related to their parents’ years of schooling (de Coulon et al, 2008) and not to their parents’ adult learning (Sabates & Duckworth, 2009) extending years of schooling among poorer families is key to enhancing the educational achievement of their children, when they have them.
Parents who are more involved in their children’s lives, as measured by the number of shared activities, are more likely to hold higher expectations for their child’s education. Visiting a library together, attending a concert or play, visiting an art gallery, museum, or historical site, or going together to a zoo or aquarium were listed as the kinds of activities parents and children might have shared in the past month. Among parents who counted three or four such activities, 74 percent expected their child to achieve a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared with 57 percent among parents who did not share any such activities with their child in the past month. More striking, only between seven and nine percent of parents who shared at least one activity with their child expected that they would not attain more than a high school diploma, compared with 12 percent of parents who shared no activities in the past month. ()
such as parents’ subsequent educational attainment, ..
The following research paper will thoroughly analyze and explain the following; different parenting types, the influence of family dynamics such as parents educational attainment, socioeconomic status, variations among ethnic groups, etc....
For teenage parents who lack support from their own parents, ..
Expectations parents have for their children’s school attainment influence their children’s expectations and achievement, and early expectations tend to persist throughout the child’s school years. Research has shown that parental expectations for children’s academic achievement predict educational outcomes more than do other measures of parental involvement, such as attending school events.,,,
that focus on gross measures of parents' educational attainment.
Parents’ expectations influence child outcomes through multiple pathways. Parental expectations are more likely to affect their children when parent-child relationships are characterized by closeness and warmth. Parental expectations directly affect the amount of parent-child communication about school. In addition, families with high educational aspirations for their children provide more out-of-school learning opportunities for them., Students who reported their parents expected them to attend college had better attendance and more positive attitudes toward school, according to one study. Parental expectations also affect the child’s own aspirations and expectations; for instance, studies suggest that parents’ expectations for their children’s academic attainment have a moderate to strong influence on students’ own goals for postsecondary education. Further, both sets of expectations are moderated by characteristics of the parent, child, and community (see below).,
School Communication in Parents' Native Language - …
Only about half of low-income parents (those with annual incomes of $30,000 or less) expect their children to attain a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared with seven out of nine parents earning $75,000 or more. Likewise, ow-income parents are more than three times as likely as the wealthiest parents to expect their child to do no more than finish high school (19 and 6 percent, respectively). () When broken down by parents’ own level of education, parental expectations follow a similar pattern. ()