FREE Essay on Participation of Germany in World War 1
On July 28, 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war on the Serbian kingdom. As mortar rounds rained down on Belgrade, nations worldwide rushed to declare their allegiance to one side or the other. The nearly four-year-old Chinese republic declared its neutrality.
An essay or paper on Participation of Germany in World War 1
It is time for both the public and the academic community to rise above the horrific casualties and war poetry to realize that England's participation in the First World War was not mistaken, nor in vain.
The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russiandetermination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. TheRussians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and theMasurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's easternfrontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend ofField-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principaldirectors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russianshad been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupiedWarsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, andBrest-Litovsk.
and moral case for participating in World War 1
The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessedGermany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank ofthe French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armiesthrough Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensivein Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the ironnerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only theintelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of hisplans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle ofthe Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attemptat a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish markettown of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coastto the Swiss frontier.
participation in World War I on Germany and its allies
The many Europeans in South America, as well as Japanese on its west coast, were enthusiastic for their homelands at war. British, French and Japanese communities were clamoring for their new countries' support of the Allies, as were Italians after Italy entered the war, while German communities were just as enthusiastic for Kaiser and Fatherland. Many British and German immigrants returned in 1914 to fight for their homelands - especially from Argentina and Brazil.
Argentina's President Hipolyto Irigoyen. Irigoyen detested the Anglophile (meaning they were on the side of Britain) cattle barons and the Francophile(meaning they were on the side of France) intellectuals and despised the many Argentines who looked to Italy as their mother country. He saw no reason to have his country do anything but profit from the sale of her war materials, which she was doing on an enormous scale. Probably the majority of the population supported him but there were great pressures on him to join the Allies. To Irigoyen, the entrance of the United States into the war was merely another good reason for Argentina to stay out.
When Wilson called on all remaining neutral states to follow the U.S. example and break relations with Germany, the Argentine government excused itself on the ground that it was distant from the scene of conflict. Fearful of German reaction, Irigoyen felt it was sensible to refrain from any public statement of sympathy for the U.S. cause "at so critical a juncture."
However, German U-boats had sunk two Argentine ships and the reaction was mass anti-German demonstrations in Buenos Aires. German Foreign Minister Alfred Zimmerman realized that support for Germany in the Americas was rapidly declining, so he offered to apologize and to have the Argentine flag saluted. When two more Argentine ships were sunk Argentina presented an ultimatum to Berlin. The German response was slow and unsatisfactory: it would, if a German investigation proved that the Germans were at fault, make reparations. Germany then agreed not to sink Argentine ships.
In Sep-1918 Argentina did agree to sell surplus wheat to Britain and France. This was a popular move with the pro-Ally population and was a solution to the problem of mounting surpluses in Argentina. Perhaps Irigoyen's unpopular neutrality paid off: Argentina emerged as a prosperous nation without any debts for the first time in its history.
The Latin American nations that had declared war or broken relations with Germany were invited to the Paris Peace Conference where, however, they were little more than onlookers. Being denied a voice in arranging the peace settlement, they threw their support behind Wilson's "grand project" of a League of Nations. Ten Latin American states became charter members and six others were invited to sign the League Covenant. Eventually all of the Latin American nations became members - at least for a time. The United States never joined, and this abstention posed problems for the Latin American nations and the inter-American system. What most appealed to the Latin Americans, aside from the idealism and the prestige, was Article X of the Covenant, guaranteeing the political and territorial integrity of its members. This would serve, they hoped, as protection against the United States.
World War 1 Strange Facts: How Mexico Almost Made …
Germany's campaign of unrestricted submarine warfare, the loss of American lives on the high seas, the sinking of the and other ships and the prospect that Germany would not change her policies compelled a reluctant Wilson to ask Congress for a declaration of war in April 1917.