compare and contrast socrates plato and aristotle

socrates plato and aristotle summary

The ideas stem from Socrates to Plato to Aristotle.

forms for they did not explain the existence of such thing or how they change. Aristotle argued that particulars, not universals, are ultimately real. He connected particulars with a special term, "ousia ?, which itself means "reality ?, though it is usually translated as "substance ?. "What is substance? ? (Cooper, 1999). Aristotle answered this question by defining a substance as an individual, existing thing. Such a "thing ? is not merely a form, nor is it a hunk of matter. Instead, it must always combine matter and form within itself. Substance combines form and matter in such a way that the matter fulfils a necessary function, rather than being just an accident or illusion. For the material of a substance gives it its "distinctive mark ?, which is that, "while remaining numerically one and the same it, it is capable of admitting contrary qualities ? through a material change (Cooper, 1999). For example, the pen I am now holding in my hand would still be an example of the substance of "pen ? even if it changed from having the quality of blue pen into having the quality of a red pen. For Aristotle it is impossible that all individuals in a category be destroyed while the forms (ideals) still exist. This is because the forms exist only in matter, in the concrete individuals.
Aristotle's view to me is more persuasive then Plato's on the subject of the forms because we can never experience this world of forms, and therefore we cannot claim to have any knowledge of its existence. Plato's position lacks proof. He was making a metaphysical assumption based on reasoning: so where do our notions of categories and abstractions come from? When we see, for example, squares, we see all sorts of things that we call "square ?, but none of them really are ¦so where do we get that idea? Plato's answer is that there is an ideal square somewhere that is the example, the paradigm, the ideal model, for all the imperfect squ

difference between aristotle and plato regarding the theater

Difference Between Aristotle and Plato | Difference …

Aristotle did not believe in Platonic Forms, existing independently oftheir instances. Aristotelian forms (the capital ‘F’ hasdisappeared with their standing as autonomous entities) are thenatures and properties of things and exist embodied in thosethings. This enabled Aristotle to explain the union of body and soulby saying that the soul is the form of the body. This means that aparticular person's soul is no more than his nature as a humanbeing. Because this seems to make the soul into a property of thebody, it led many interpreters, both ancient and modern, to interprethis theory as materialistic. The interpretation of Aristotle'sphilosophy of mind—and, indeed, of his whole doctrine ofform—remains as live an issue today as it was immediately afterhis death (Robinson 1983 and 1991; Nussbaum 1984; Rorty and Nussbaum,eds, 1992). Nevertheless, the text makes it clear that Aristotlebelieved that the intellect, though part of the soul, differs fromother faculties in not having a bodily organ. His argument for thisconstitutes a more tightly argued case than Plato's for theimmateriality of thought and, hence, for a kind of dualism. He arguedthat the intellect must be immaterial because if it were material itcould not receive all forms. Just as the eye, because of itsparticular physical nature, is sensitive to light but not to sound,and the ear to sound and not to light, so, if the intellect were in aphysical organ it could be sensitive only to a restricted range ofphysical things; but this is not the case, for we can think about anykind of material object (De Anima III,4; 429a10–b9). Asit does not have a material organ, its activity must be essentiallyimmaterial.

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The concept known today as the Classical Elements are in a significant way at the root of the Western Esoteric Tradition, stemming from pre-Platonic literature and its forerunners. Plato’s casts the Elements as the raw fundamental substance from which the world was fashioned (the Timeaus). The application of the Classical Elements in the current system, however, is more in keeping with the Aristotle’s treatment (On Generation and Corruption). Further, in some respects, the methods of the current system are modeled after Aristotle’s methods: striving to understand the unobservable (occult) through empirical experience. With that in mind, Aristotle defined the Classical Elements in terms of basic sensory qualities of relative heat and moisture, well-characterized in this schematic:

Below is a table explaining the differences between Plato and Aristotle’s views on Metaphysics, Epistemology and more.

Metaphysics Plato Vs Aristotle Free Essays - StudyMode

Plato only trusts his reason and does not believe what he experiences with his senses while Aristotle felt that experiencing things with our sense is the highest degree of reality and believed all our knowledge comes from what we experienced with our senses.

Greek Philosophy Virtue Ethics Happiness Society - Plato vs Aristotle

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Aristotle vs. Plato Free Short Essay Example

Since the study of history in the West is commonly held to begin with Herodotus of ancient Athens, it is not surprising that we should examine the historical views of leadership through the eyes of two titans of Greek thought: Plato and Aristotle....

Platonic vs. Aristotelian World Views | The Eternal Universe

Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and one of the top 5 contributors to Western philosophy, educator after his mentor, Socrates and teacher of Aristotle.