The informal jobs sector has cushioned the impact of an economic ..

When more women work, economies grow


Canada’s machinery and equipment imports from China are concentrated in mining equipment, pumps and valves, and construction equipment, which together accounted for over 88% of Canada’s US$3.1 billion in total imports of machinery and equipment from China in 2011. Import growth in these three product groups averaged 25% annually over the last 10 years, but power generating machinery registered the strongest growth, with imports increasing, on average, by 37% annually over the period.

Growth of the informal economy is an important part of the future of all developing nations for one primary reason: their present high unemployment rate will crush both local markets and foreign trade.

Informal cartels | Our Birmingham

Let's say that we manage the transition to renewable resource and we can level at our energy - leveling out actually means that we have to live at about fifth of the US energy standard of living because the US has 5% world's population and uses 25% of the energy. But the world also has pollution, degredation, rainforests being chopped down, soil quality, ancient aquifers being pumped out - these are part of the story here. We need about a 10 time increase in throughput , or at least 5.

Improvements in energy efficiency have mostly been made, future improvements will contribute only a tiny percent to savings of energy. We can maybe get a savings by a factor of 2%. If we want to keep the economy growing at 5% the gap between energy and economy will continue to widen, and so some increasing fraction of your economy has to be based on low energy activities such as in the service industry, which will have to grow and grow until it approaches a 100%. Food, manufacturing, transport would have to go.

Economic Research - Federal Reserve Bank of San …

We could not have our marvelous technological society, better quality of life, great medical care if it weren't for surplus energy beyond the subsistence level. It's the surplus energy that's made more food available, that's created a population surge and more industry and economic growth.

Preliminary versions of economic research

Today we use energy at a total worldwide rate equivalent to12 terawatts (TW) of electricity. Historically that's grown 2-3% for year. Looking at the charts comparing, in logarithmic form, financial growth and energy growth history for the United States from 1650 to the present and you see how both energy and economics grew in parallel - the economy at 2.9% and energy at 2.3%. Economic growth went up with the rise of energy use. We can also make use of the fact that the rate of increase is quite constant. Today we use 12 TW and projecting that same growth rate - 2.3% - into 336 years from now we see that we will be using as much power as all the solar energy from the sun that hits all the continents, assuming we had a 100% coverage of all the land with 100% efficient solar panels.

Canada-China Economic Complementarities Study

China’s manufacturing sector is expected to continue to attract large numbers of investors in coming years. For Canadian investors, China’s value proposition for its manufacturing sector is changing. China’s rapid ascent up the economic ladder has created a focus on higher technologies, new industries, and other corporate functions. Canadian manufacturers are focused on serving China’s growing market, including through further collaboration on product development.

September 2016 | Cities and Local Growth Team – …

Find groups of people with similar beliefs and concerns. An informal network of people all over the country share concerns about human population growth. With this network I know whom to call on for the answer to a particular question. Environmental concerns seem less terrifying when they are shared. Communicating about them helps to put worries in perspective. This group of population activists also helps chip the rough corners off some of my ideas.