Independent Study: The Grapes of Wrath
Christopher Columbus died in obscurity in 1506, but when mercenaries discovered gold-plated civilizations on the New World’s mainland, Spain recovered Columbus from obscurity and he became a heroic figure, although few, if any, facts support such stature. Accompanying the rise in American nationalism, , a novelist, published a three-volume epic on the life of Columbus in 1828. It became a huge bestseller. Irving made up events from whole cloth, such as the Spanish Court doubting that the world was round and Columbus setting out to prove it. When the fabrications of Irving, and others were discovered, American ideologists defended them. The logic was that America needed its own mythology, separate from Europe’s. With all the fake hagiography being concocted by American mythologists, there was even an effort in the 19th century to make . In 1831, a poem set to the tune of a drinking song won a contest, and the became the USA's national anthem.
Well, I finished John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath last night
The Grapes of Wrath
focuses on discrimination against migrant workers from the southern Great Plains, referred to derogatorily as “Okies.” These workers were treated as though they were inhuman.
The French had a gentler tenure in the New World, but that had more to do with France’s political-economic-demographic situation than benevolent intent. While it is true that the French respected Native American culture more than any other European power did, during the 1760s, when France’s commitment to New World colonization was its greatest, it had fewer than 50,000 people in the New World, while the English had nearly a million members of its “surplus population” in the New World. Hence, France manipulated the native tribes to its ends more effectively than its European rivals did. In 1536, Jacques Cartier impacted the native political situation by kidnapping leaders deemed obstructive to his aims. Although Cartier’s men got and were cured by a native medicine man, an empirical observation that Europe would fail to embrace for the next three centuries, they left behind their calling card. The natives began falling prey to European disease almost as soon as they met Cartier and his men. Cartier began wearing out the native welcome early on, and after his last failed attempt at invasion/settlement, the French left the area and did not return for 60 years.
Essay on The Grapes of Wrath. Research Paper on …
“Where now are our grandfathers, the Delawares? We had hoped that the white men would not be willing to travel beyond the mountains. Now that hope is gone. They have passed the mountains, and have settled upon Cherokee land. They wished to have that usurpation sanctioned by treaty. When that land is gained, the same encroaching spirit will lead them upon other land of the Cherokees. New cessions will be asked. Finally the whole country, which the Cherokees and their fathers have so long occupied, will be demanded, and the remnant of Ani-Yunwiya, “The Real People,” once so great and formidable, will be compelled to seek refuge in some distant wilderness. There they will be permitted to stay only a short while, until they again behold the advancing banners of the same greedy host. Not being able to point out any further retreat for the miserable Cherokees, the extinction of the whole race will be proclaimed. Should we not therefore run all risks, and incur all consequences, rather than submit to further laceration of our country? Such treaties may be all right for men who are too old to hunt or fight. As for me, I have my young warriors about me. We will have our lands.”
The Grapes of Wrath Chapters 1-10 Flashcards | Quizlet
lived at the north end of the Appalachians, and Cherokee at the south end. The higher elevation of their lands probably spared them the worst of the early diseases that Europeans introduced. While Iroquoian people engaged in the short-lived (the beaver was extinct in the Hudson River Valley by 1640), the Cherokee traded in deerskins for Europe’s manufactured goods. In the early 1700s, England, Spain, and France were jockeying for position in the region, and the English settlers did their usual land-grabbing, which led to numerous wars. The natives were largely battling for survival and allied however they could. In the early 1700s, the Tuscarora were completely eliminated from their homeland in today’s North Carolina. The survivors fled north and joined the Iroquois Confederation. The Shawnee were also losers, first being kicked out of Ohio during the late 1600s by the Iroquois, and most of the scattered tribe moved to today’s Southeast USA. The wars down there saw many of them flee back to Ohio, and the English invasion of the Ohio River Valley inspired to try uniting his Shawnee with other tribes, to form a united front. Other tribes simply disappeared in the mayhem.
The Grapes of Wrath (Setting, ..
In post-9/11 America, white people might begin developing comprehension of what North America's natives were facing back then. History has shown that cultures unravel when subjected to catastrophes that kill off large fractions of the population, such as what the in the 1340s. Although and gang bit the hand that fed them, nobody seriously thinks that waves of Islamic settlers will come across the oceans to invade and exterminate Americans; Native Americans faced just that, except from Christians. By the American Revolution, the natives of Eastern North America clearly saw the trends; many eastern tribes were already extinct, and an inexorable march westward by the white invaders destroyed everything in its path in the name of “progress.” Not only were the forests, creatures, and natives disappearing under the boots and axes of the white juggernaut, but also there was active, exterminatory hatred directed at the natives from the very beginning of the white invasion…and it was successful. Invasion, disease, and environmental devastation were inflicted in never-ending waves upon the natives. was perhaps the first North American native to begin to understand, but he was far from the last. The sages clearly saw the disintegration of Native American culture, and as they were violently dispersed from their homelands they influenced many inland tribes, and ’s Ottawa tribe among them. Pontiac’s efforts influenced Tecumseh’s, and the confederacy that the during the American Revolution.