Incarcertion of Pregnant women essays
Thank you for your response. I am merely pointing out the imbalance of the current Law. I have no more moral authority than anyone else and would not be so direspectful as to suggest what you as an individual should do, not least because every case is different. My point is solely that other countries have their limitation statutes in order to avoid the tragedy of innocent people spending their lives in jail; the price they are prepared to pay for that is that inevitably some guilty people go free and maybe the British are not prepared to pay that price and would rather see the innocent incarcerated as well as the guilty. – Editor
Pregnant women aren’t being arrested to protect their fetuses
Adjustment patterns and criminal characteristics of 350 incarcerated mothers of children under 21 years of age were contrasted to those of 166 women from the same institution that had never had children. There were no observed differences between mothers and non-mothers in terms of self-reported mental illness symptoms, emotional distress, or conflict with other individuals at the prison. There were also no differences in terms of institutional infractions observed by prison officials. Consistent with previous research with the same sample, there were adjustment differences between mothers reporting high versus low levels of parenting stress, but neither group of mothers evidenced different adjustment patterns relative to non-mothers. However, there were differences in criminal characteristics. Mothers were more likely than non-mothers to be incarcerated for property or drug offenses, and were more likely to have at least one current or previous drug offense in their criminal history. Non-mothers were more likely than mothers to be incarcerated for violent offenses, including homicide. Results indicated that although there are differences between mothers and non-mothers in the contexts associated with criminal behavior, both groups show the same range of adjustment problems once in prison. (Journal abstract)
This is a preliminary report on the characteristics, experiences, and behavior of 88 primarily African American adolescent children of incarcerated urban mothers who struggle with addiction. It examines the association of age, gender, and risk factor profiles with the children’s adjustment status defined in terms of self-reported questionnaire information and selected personality/behavioral assessment inventories. In spite of the existence of adverse circumstances in their lives, including the incarceration of their substance-abusing mothers, results revealed that the majority of these children were neither especially deviant nor maladjusted, all but a small percentage having successfully avoided substance abuse and the adoption of a deviant lifestyle at this point in their development. In most cases, mother surrogates (usually a grandmother or other family member) had for many years functioned as primary caregivers of the children prior to the incarceration of their birth mothers, which may have attenuated the negative impact ordinarily associated with a mother’s absence from the home. However, there was a general indication of problematic school behavior and vulnerability to deviant peer influences that should be addressed in efforts aimed at preventing the escalation of deviant activity in such children. Also, in almost all cases, there was a readily observable need for the provision of caseworker support services for the caregivers of the children.