Marx’s Thoughts on Economic Globalization: Social …

This accessible literary criticism is perfect for anyone faced with Karl Marx (1818 ..
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International Encyclopedia of Economic Sociology: Marx…

Now it is apparent that this renders historical materialismconsistent. Yet there is a question as to whether it is at too high aprice. For we must ask whether functional explanation is a coherentmethodological device. The problem is that we can ask what it is thatmakes it the case that an economic structure will only persist for aslong as it develops the productive forces. Jon Elster has pressed thiscriticism against Cohen very hard. If we were to argue that there isan agent guiding history who has the purpose that the productiveforces should be developed as much as possible then it would makesense that such an agent would intervene in history to carry out thispurpose by selecting the economic structures which do the bestjob. However, it is clear that Marx makes no such metaphysicalassumptions. Elster is very critical — sometimes of Marx,sometimes of Cohen — of the idea of appealing to‘purposes’ in history without those being the purposes ofanyone.

The birth of economic sociology can be found in the writings of Karl Marx
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Whatever one s views of Marx s ..

Plausible though it may sound, Husami’s argument fails to account fortwo related points. First, it cannot explain why Marx never describedcapitalism as unjust, and second, it does not account for the distanceMarx wanted to place between his own scientific socialism, and that ofthe utopian socialists who argued for the injustice ofcapitalism. Hence one cannot avoid the conclusion that the‘official’ view of Marx is that capitalism is notunjust.

Politics to Marx, like religion, is a manifestation of economics and the material world
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There are, initially, separate questions, concerning Marx’s attitudeto capitalism and to communism. There are also separate questionsconcerning his attitude to ideas of justice, and to ideas of moralitymore broadly concerned. This, then, generates four questions: (1) DidMarx think capitalism unjust?; (2) did he think that capitalism couldbe morally criticised on other grounds?; (3) did he think thatcommunism would be just? (4) did he think it could be morally approvedof on other grounds? These are the questions we shall consider in thissection.

Karl Marx was born on 5 May 1818 in ..
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Religion as Opium of the People Karl Marx, ..

Does this amount to a moral criticism of capitalism or not? In theabsence of any special reason to argue otherwise, it simply seemsobvious that Marx’s critique is a moral one. Capitalism impedes humanflourishing.

Marxist Economics - Carecon Home Page

Marx, though, once more refrained from making this explicit; heseemed to show no interest in locating his criticism of capitalism inany of the traditions of moral philosophy, or explaining how he wasgenerating a new tradition. There may have been two reasons for hiscaution. The first was that while there were bad things aboutcapitalism, there is, from a world historical point of view, much goodabout it too. For without capitalism, communism would not bepossible. Capitalism is to be transcended, not abolished, and this maybe difficult to convey in the terms of moral philosophy.

When Karl Marx began to hypothesize that an economic revolution ..

Whatever one concludes on the question of whether Marx thoughtcapitalism unjust, it is, nevertheless, obvious that Marx thought thatcapitalism was not the best way for human beings to live. Pointsmade in his early writings remain present throughout his writings, ifno longer connected to an explicit theory of alienation. The workerfinds work a torment, suffers poverty, overwork and lack offulfillment and freedom. People do not relate to each other as humansshould.

The Ideas of Karl Marx - In Defence of Marxism

The issue of Marx and morality poses a conundrum. On reading Marx’sworks at all periods of his life, there appears to be the strongestpossible distaste towards bourgeois capitalist society, and anundoubted endorsement of future communist society. Yet the terms ofthis antipathy and endorsement are far from clear. Despiteexpectations, Marx never says that capitalism is unjust. Neither doeshe say that communism would be a just form of society. In fact hetakes pains to distance himself from those who engage in a discourseof justice, and makes a conscious attempt to exclude direct moralcommentary in his own works. The puzzle is why this should be, giventhe weight of indirect moral commentary one finds.