British Imperial system of units - Units of Measurement Wiki
In the United Kingdom, the Assumption of Titles Act (1877) granted toQueen Victoria the title Empress of India. This was mostly a reaction tothe "inflation" of imperial titles (Germany, Brazil, Austria,Russia), but was also a recognition that the British Raj had supplantedthe old Mogul dynasty. King George VI and his wife, Queen Elizabeth theQueen Mother (mother of the present British sovereign) were the last Emperorand Empress-Consort of India.
and governance within the context of the British imperial system
The idea that a duke is a royal title, however, is strong in Germany,perhaps stronger than it ever was in Britain, where all the children ofthe head of some ruling houses are automatically a Herzog or Herzogin,much as imperial offspring were archdukes or archduchesses.
"Duke" is normally a very exalted title; however, when equatingthe dignity of some dukes, some insight is needed. For example, Ferdinandof the Two Sicilies created dukes in Naples almost by the gross, and thesetitles cannot be considered equal to dukes in the British or other continentalsystems.
the US customary system and the British imperial system.
The heir to a French ducal title is sometimes styled "Prince ofSuchandsuch", but this is more a "courtesy title" (see FrançoisVelde's comments under "Prince"), and roughly corresponds tothe British practice of the heir to a peerage using a lesser title heldby the actual peer, as with the marquessate of Blandford for the .
Comparison of the imperial and US customary measurement systems ..
The German system often makes use of the prefix "Erb" forthe heir to a title as with "Erbgraf" whereas the British systemprefers using a lesser "courtesy title". William Addams Reitwiesnerwrites:
Thus the British began their attempts to reform the imperial system.
It could also be deeply patronising and justified cultural imperialism and racial stereotyping and yet there was a surprisingly large dose of truth behind these motivations and strain of British imperialism.
British Imperial System | measurement system | …
The other magnates often became entirely independent grand dukes, etc.,usually retaining their old titles, but sometimes assuming (on occasion,unilaterally) a grander one. Some of these titles and styles are only approximatelyequivalent to those encountered in European nations outside the bordersof the former Empire. All of this was settled at the Congress of Vienna,and the British equivalencies are determined by starting (but not ending)with the protocols hammered out there; part of this was a process referredto as "mediatizing".
The Origin of Dowry System – British Policies convert Gifts …
The German word "graf" seems etymologically related to theEnglish "reeve", which comes from the Old English "gerefe".A reeve is an important appointed official, as with the "shire reeve",i.e., the "sheriff". What English divides among several words,German uses a single word with prefixes, and generally it has a broadermeaning than English "earl" or "count". "Graf",then, should not be understood as being perfectly equal to "earl"or "count", but as also containing the idea of "reeve",or "important official". In German lands, offices normally thoughtof as being appointive and held by commoners in Great Britain could behereditary and noble. The House of Thurn and Taxis, for example, startedout life as the Imperial postmasters, a job one would not think of in Britainas ennobling.
How can the answer be improved?
Advances in medicine, transport and communication systems helped make even more of the world accessible with Africa providing the last spur to European Imperialism in the latter half of the Nineteenth Century.