the Hmong lived in southwestern China.
he foundation of the 20th century conflict was rooted in French colonialism in Indochina. The French first gained influence in the Lao territories through the court of Luang Prabang, where they offered protection against the Chinese maruaders known as the Haw, and furnished a chance of throwing off the yoke of Siamese domination. Through time the French controlled the kingdom, and spread their power over the rest of Laos. Since the French considered Vietnam and Laos as one entity, Indochine, it is easy to see how the nationalist movement against the French in Vietnam, embodied by the Viet Minh, spread to Laos, so that the Pathet Lao was basically an extension of Ho chi Minh's movement. Meanwhile, the royalists, represented by the princely families of Luang Prabang, Vientiane, and Champassak, remained a puppet of the French.
Hmong History - Life in Laos | Hmong American Center
"The Hmong (pronounced mung) are an ancient tribe of mountain people who migrated from China in the mid-nineteenth century in search of freedom and a land of their own. Indeed, the word Hmong means "free." The freedom they cherish is an all-encompassing liberty that means far more than their independence from a political government or a system of economics. It is a freedom of the spirit, a freedom to be their own people, and it is the very essence of their being." 1
The history of Hmong needlework involves both ancient traditions and more recent adaptations made during long years of survival in refugee camps. From China many of the Hmong had moved into the mountainous regions of Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
We are Hmong Minnesota | Minnesota History Center
Traditionally Hmong needle work was done in bright colors but during the time they lived in refugee camps needlework sold to tourists was a major source of much needed income. In order to make their work more appealing to Westerners they began to use softer tones for the items they made to sell. Items as varied as aprons, pillow covers, bed coverings and wall hangings were sold and still are today. You can find lovely Hmong needlework for sale in the United States at fairs and other events.
Why Are the Hmong People in America? - A Review of …
Perhaps the best known form of Hmong needle art is "Paj Ntaub Tib Neeg" also called "story cloth" These lovely pictorial embroideries developed very recently in Hmong history. It appears that Hmong men began to draw elements of traditional Hmong stories to help make sure they would be remembered during the times of change. While in the refugee camps, if not sooner, women began to have the men draw on fabric so that they could stitch the stories on cloth.
Hmong New Year | The Art of Hmong Embroidery
These remarkable embroidered cloths include not only the stories and daily life of Hmong culture but also record their experiences during the Vietnam war and their escape to Thailand. These "story cloths" have been made extensively in refugee camps to sell to foreigners who visit the camps. Many were sent to relatives in America and other countries where they could be sold in a broader market.
Hmong Americans : Asian-Nation :: Asian American …
A few Hmong women have began to combine their traditional needlework with American style appliqué. In some cases Amish and Hmong women have shared their techniques. It will be interesting to see how Hmong needlework and quilting will evolve as the old traditions blend with those of their new home in America.
Hmong 101 - Learn Hmong Online for Free
November 2015 marks the 40th anniversary of the Hmong migration to Minnesota following the war in Southeast Asia. Today, the Twin Cities metro area is home to 66,000 Hmong, the largest urban Hmong population in the United States.