Recent Child Abuse & Neglect Articles - Elsevier

Recent Child Abuse & Neglect Articles
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sexual exploitation and the physical abuse of children.

Fractured and broken bones are also commonly seen with physically abused children. Many times, the parents make up elaborate and often unbelievable stories to explain the broken bone. Many times unexplained bruising accompanies the broken bone. Also, parents tend to delay going to the doctor until the break has worsened. Almost all cases of broken bones in infants up to six months of age are from abuse. Infants at that age don’t have the physical ability to put themselves in the position it would require to break a bone. A common fracture seen in child abuse is called a metaphyseal-epiphyeal injury. These fractures are from pulling and yanking on the children’s limbs, causing fragments of bone to become separated from the other sections of bone. Multiple rib fractures are also commonly seen. They are usually from an intense shaking episode or from a direct blow to the chest, from either a kick or a hard punch. (Oates 55-56) Poisoning is also considered a form of physical child abuse. Common household items are often used as punishment by forcing a child to consume large amounts of an unwanted item. (Oates 58) Physical abuse will stay with the child forever. It causes a lifelong effect on the child that will permanently change many aspects of their lives. Physical abuse is more than just scars.

When you treat an abused child/adolescent, you are likely to become a participant in the legal response to child abuse allegations.
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Physical Abuse of Children | Articles | Pediatrics in Review

A drastic change in behavior is usually an initial sign that a child has been sexually abused. (Oates 70) Although these behaviors alone cannot conclude that a child has been sexually abused, they can be a good sign that some investigating needs to be done. There are also physical signs that sexual abuse has occurred. Rips and tears of the genital and anal area are common with more serious attacks. Pregnancy is another medical complication of sexual abuse. This is seen in pubertal girls, especially when no contraceptive was used during the assault. Sexually transmitted diseases are another physical indicator of the abuse. Children can contract a number of serious disease including; gonorrhea, Chlamydia, herpes simplex, human papilloma virus, syphilis, and HIV. Clearly, sexually abused children have to face much more than just the memories. They may face diseases that could stay with them the rest of their lives. (Oates 86-87)

Physical child abuse occurs when a child is purposely physically injured or put at risk of harm ..
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The hardest kind of abuse to recognize and detect is emotional abuse. It leaves behind no physical signs of the abuse. (Oates 98) Its effects, however, can be even more damaging than those of physical abuse. There are many types of emotional abuse. The first, rejecting, is when the caregiver abandons the child, refusing to show the child any attention or acknowledges the child’s worth and needs. The second kind, terrorizing, results from the child being threatened with extreme forms of punishment. The child is expected to achieve unobtainable goals and is punished severely when they fail. The child’s view on the world changes, as they begin to believe that the world is a hostile and dangerous place. A third kind of emotional abuse is when the child is ignored. This occurs when the caregiver is psychologically unavailable to the child. They are busy doing things for themselves and do not tend to the child’s needs. When children are ignored, their brains aren’t stimulated, causing intellectual and emotional growth problems in the future. The fourth kind of emotional abuse is when the caregiver isolates the child from the rest of the world. The child is unable to make friends and experience normal opportunities. They also have delayed social skills. The child begins to feel alone, which increases their chances for emotional problems down the road. The fifth and last form of emotional abuse is corrupting abuse. The child gets a warped view on values and the social aspect of the world. They think anger is the norm, and tend to be drawn to drug abuse in their adult years. (Oates 100-101)

These days many people use ‘child abuse,’ ‘sexual abuse,’ ‘physical abuse’ and ..
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The Emotional Abuse of Children at School

Neglect is also a form of emotional abuse. It is often confused with poverty, however, they are very different. Neglect is when a parent knows better, has the means, but chooses to wrongly ignore the well being of their child. If a child’s parents cannot afford adequate clothing or shelter that is by no means neglect. There are many forms of neglect. (Oates 105)

The Evaluation of Sexual Abuse in Children | …

The leading cause of death in child abuse cases is from head trauma. Direct blows to the head, dropping, throwing, or shaking a child can cause extreme damage to the brain and even death. Shaken Baby Syndrome is defined as an inflicted head trauma. It results from an infant being shaken vigorously. It usually occurs between three and eight months of age, although it has been seen in cases with children as old as four years of age. When the infant is shaken, their head rolls back and forth uncontrollably due to their poor control of their neck muscles. It causes the brain to be pinched between the skull, rupturing veins and blood vessels. There is also bleeding of the brain, which causes permanent brain damage to the infant. The swelling of the brain after the trauma is also very dangerous, as it causes the brain to be compressed against the walls of the skull. Effects from this trauma, even if they are not immediate, will haunt these children all through their lives. Learning disabilities and behavioral problems are both caused by Shaken Baby Syndrome. There are also significant speech disorders due to the brain damage. Blindness, hearing loss, attention and memory problems, paralysis, and overall delays have all been linked to this head trauma. (Palusci) These infants are helpless and innocent, and their caretakers are selfishly taking their frustrations out on them.

Protecting Children From Abuse and Neglect: Trends and Issues

A third kind of physical injury is an abdominal injury. These injuries results from the abuser kicking, hitting, punching, or jumping on the child. These are dangerous, and are many times fatal. Internal bleeding and tearing are common effects of this form of abuse. They do not usually leave any external evidence, making them hard to detect. (Oates 53)