Luther’s Bondage of the Will | Reformed Theology
In their early correspondence Luther expressed in unmeasured terms his admiration for all Erasmus had done in the cause of a sound and reasonable Christianity, and exhorted with him now to put the seal upon his work by definitely casting in his lot with the Lutheran party. Erasmus replied with many expressions of regard, but declined to commit himself to any party attitude. His argument was that to do so would endanger his position as a leader in the movement for pure scholarship which be regarded as his real work in life. Only through that position as an independent scholar could he hope to influence the reform of religion. The constructive value of Luther's work was mainly in furnishing a new doctrinal basis for the previously scattered attempts at reform.
Martin Luther | Regeneration, Repentance and …
Luther advanced in knowledge according to the prevailing order of things, and was appointed to lecture at thenewly founded University of Wittenberg in 1508. He was made Doctor of Theology in 1512 and joined the theologicalfaculty at Wittenberg.
A leaf from the earliest available printing of the New Testament in the German language. These leaves are ca. over 480 years old. They come with a beautiful Certificate of Authenticity. Martin Luther was the first person to translate and publish the Bible in the commonly-spoken dialect of the German people, using the 1516 Erasmus Greek as his source text. William Tyndale sought help from Martin Luther, in the 1520's, in Tyndale's effort to translate and print the New Testament in English for the first time. A wonderful treasure of our Protestant heritage... and a particularly unforgettable and unique gift for a Lutheran friend or Pastor.
Martin Luther translating the Bible to German - …
Oekolampadius insisted that these words must be taken metaphorically, because the flesh profits nothing and the body of Christ has ascended into heaven. Luther inquired why the ascent should not also be metaphorical. Zwingli went to the heart of the matter when he affirmed that flesh and spirit are incompatible. Therefore the presence of Christ can only be spiritual. Luther replied that flesh and spirit can be conjoined, and the spiritual, which no one denied, does not exclude the physical. They appeared to have arrived at a deadlock, but actually they had made substantial gains because Zwingli advanced from his view that the Lord's Supper is only a memorial to the position that Christ is spiritually present. And Luther conceded that whatever the nature of the physical presence, it is of no benefit without faith. Hence any magical view is excluded.
Aristotle’s Ethics: The Real Reason for Luther’s Reformation?
Of course the entire doctrine was absurd and offensive, but Luther, in his initial stages, approached the mattercautiously. He wondered: why would not the Pope simply release all souls from Purgatory out of his sheer kindness,if such a thing were possible? Why demand payment first? Luther reexamined the entire structure of the sacramentof Penance and wrote out 95 debating points, intended for fellow scholars to debate with him. This was a commonmethod of beginning a debate, not a Reformation of the church. He posted them, tradition says, on the door of theCastle Church the day before All Saint's, October 31, 1517.
Martin Luther – Church History Review
As late as September 3, 1522, Erasmus wrote to Duke George of Saxony, “It cannot be denied that Luther commenced to play an excellent part, and to vindicate the cause of Christ—which had been wiped off the face of the earth—amidst great and general applause.” Little as either Erasmus or Luther suspected it, on the sixth of this month happened an event which powerfully influenced their doctrine.