Development - HIV/AIDS action in developing countries
Why is any developed country still giving money to India? They have faster growing economies than Western countries and have recently launched a spacecraft to Mars. Does a country which has a space program really need development help? When is this craziness going to end? And why are they exempt from dealing with their own problems as the West deals with their own problems?
HIV/AIDS Action in developing countries ..
I strongly belief that the European Union should aid development in low-income countries, but it should ensure that all the funds it disburses are spent for the purposes intended. Where levels of corruption are high, budget support to governments can go astray and even aid disbursed via UN agencies can be stolen when those agencies contract corrupt national organisations. In contrast, the EU imposes an excessively heavy burden of monitoring on its comparatively small grants to European NGOs for their work in developing countries. Why such a crippling burden on them when more monitoring of much larger sums is needed?
The HIV/AIDS epidemic has spread with ferocious speed. Virtually unknown 20 years ago, HIV has infected more than 60 million people worldwide. Each day, approximately 14,000 new infections occur, more than half of them among young people below age 25. At the end of 2002, of over 42 million people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), of whom 30 percent were co-infected with tuberculosis (TB). Over 95 percent of PLWHA are in low and middle-income countries. More than 20 million have died from AIDS, 3 million in 2002 alone. AIDS is now the leading cause of death in Sub-Saharan Africa and the fourth-biggest killer globally. The epidemic has cut life expectancy by more than 10 years in several nations.
HIV/AIDS is not just a public health problem. Once generalized, the epidemic has far reaching consequences to all social sectors and to development itself. It can decimate the workforce, create large numbers of orphans, exacerbate poverty and inequality, and put tremendous pressure on health and social services. Annual basic care and treatment for a person with AIDS, even without antiretroviral drugs (ARV), can cost as much as 2-3 times per capita gross domestic product (GDP) in the poorest countries. HIV/AIDS already causes a measurable fall in annual per capita growth in the hardest-hit countries of Sub-Saharan Africa and threatens to reverse their development achievements of the last 50 years.
This fact sheet provides a summary of the issues of and interventions for HIV/AIDS epidemic from the public health perspective.
HIV infection and AIDS in the developing world | The BMJ
The best way for Europe to help developing countries is to NOT give money to them. But expertise, assistance to develop their own abilities and exploit their own resources, advice and shared knowledge. What Europe does though is keep offering them money. Money often is being misused and it creates a dependency. It helps establish a corrupt elite that misuses the aid money portraying the limited success as their own to perpetuate their rule in the country.
living with HIV/AIDS are in developing countries The routes of ..
Reassuringly, there are a few indicators of some decline in rates of infection. For example, in its December 2005 report, UNAIDS reports that Zimbabwe experienced a drop in infections. (Most independent observers find the confidence of UNAIDS in the Mugabe government’s HIV figures to be misplaced, especially since infections have continued to increase in all other southern African countries, with the exception of a possible small drop in Botswana). Almost 30% of the global population alive with HIV live in Southern Africa; an area where only 2% of the world’s population reside. HIV-1 makes up the bulk of all HIV infections in southern Africa and dominates everywhere except west Africa, home to HIV-2. The first cases of HIV in the region were reported in Zimbabwe in 1985.
and are not practical for developing countries…
HIV and AIDS were unfamiliar to the area of southern Africa as recently as the mid 1980s; now, it is the most affected area worldwide. Of the eleven countries in South Africa (Angola, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Madagascar) at least 7 are deemed to exceed 15% for infection rate. Angola presents one of the lowest infection rates at 2.1%. However, this may simply be a reporting error and is not the result of a successful national response to the threat of AIDS but of the long-running (1975–2002) Angolan Civil War (see Economic Factors section).
and treatment distribution in developing countries, ..
The fact is that you cannot have one without the other, a complementary aid programme that supports local economic development in terms of providing the educated and healthy people required to push forward an entrepreneurial economy. Remember sometimes (particularly in Africa) a countries economic improvement can mask the poverty of it’s people, especially where much of the wealth created is because of outside foreign investment that creates few jobs for locals.