16/02/2018 · What is the Stroop effect
More about our experiment
The independent variable is if the word matched the color of the letters
The dependent variable is the amount of time
30 people of all different ages participated in our experiment
The results of the tests showed that most participants tend to say the color of each word for columns one and two with little problem.
What is The Stroop Effect? - Definition | What is …
It was first published in 1935 following a series of experiments shown below.
We studied the Stroop Effect which is a demonstration of interference in the reaction time of a task and is often used to illustrate automatic processing versus conscious visual control.
The list of words where the colors don't correspond (list 2) will have a slower response time than the list of words that do match the color (list 1).
Color of the letters match the word
Color of the letters do not match the word
Found participants and if they agreed to be in our experiment we had them fill out our questionnaire.
Observations and results
Did you find that people could more quickly go through the set of cards with the words written in matching ink compared with words that were written in a different color ink?
The Stroop effect shows that when a color word is printed in the same color as the word, people can name the ink color more quickly compared with when a color word is printed with an ink color that is different from the word. (For example, when blue ink is used to write the word "blue," the ink color is named more quickly than when blue ink is used to write the word "green.") This is what you should have also seen when doing this activity. For example, you may have seen that it took volunteers around 13 to 17 seconds to get through the matching set of cards but around 20 to 25 seconds to get through the nonmatching set.
One explanation for the Stroop effect is called interference. From the earliest years of school reading is a task that people practice every day. We become so good at it that we read words automatically. When we are asked to name the color of the word instead of reading the word, somehow the automatic reading of the word interferes with naming the color of the word. This interference effect provides scientists with a measurable means to investigate how the brain works.
More to explore
Neuroscience for Kids: Colors, Colors, from the University of Washington in Seattle
, by J. Ridley Stroop
, from Science Buddies
, from Science Buddies
This lesson discusses the Stroop Effect
The Mind-Bending Stroop Effect: Don’t Read These …
Start the program by focusing on the text box and pressing the space bar. Stare at the dot on the screen. When the colored word appears, press the key corresponding to the color of the word, not what it says. If you get it wrong, you will be retested on it later in the trial.