A Critical Essay on the short story Desiree's Baby by Kate Chopin.

As the day was pleasant, Madame Valmonde drove over to L'Abri to see Desiree and the baby.
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Desiree, with her baby, then leave to Madame Valmondé’s plantation.

Madame Valmonde had not seen Desiree and the baby for four weeks. When she reached L'Abri she shuddered at the first sight of it, as she always did. It was a sad looking place, which for many years had not known the gentle presence of a mistress, old Monsieur Aubigny having married and buried his wife in France, and she having loved her own land too well ever to leave it. The roof came down steep and black like a cowl, reaching out beyond the wide galleries that encircled the yellow stuccoed house. Big, solemn oaks grew close to it, and their thick-leaved, far-reaching branches shadowed it like a pall. Young Aubigny's rule was a strict one, too, and under it his negroes had forgotten how to be gay, as they had been during the old master's easy-going and indulgent lifetime.

In Kate Chopin’s short story “Desiree’s Baby,” Desiree plays the role of the tragic mulatto.
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What is a Designer Baby and How Are They Made....

The stone pillar symbolizes Desiree’s unknown past and future; Armand’s bonfire symbolizes Armand’s act of erasing everything of Desiree and their baby; the yellow nurse symbolizes the color of the mixed baby; and finally L’Abri, symbolizes the secrecy of the plantation and of Armand’s past.

For Desirees’ Baby , I choose the stone pillar, Armand’s bonfire, the yellow nurse, and L’ Abri.
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In so doing, Armand discovers a letter that reveals that he was the one with the African heritage, on his mother's side.
Summary of story
Desiree's Baby takes place in the antebellum south in the early 1800s.

Desiree made the choice that set part of the irony in Desiree’s Baby by Kate Chopin.
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Print."Desiree's Baby." Short Stories for Students.

Armand, in the end, loses his wife, child, and his self image he valued so much.
Armand is described as a dark and handsome man, while Desiree is surrounded by white, the white sofa, the pale, whiteness in her face, and the white garment she wears when leaving the Aubigny plantation.
At the end of the story,Armand kicks Desiree out because he believes she is black,then he learns in the end that he is the one with the black ancestry.
Irony
Character Motivations
Setting
Desiree Valdome Aubigny
Desiree was left at the front of the Valmonde plantation when she was only an infant.

"Semiotic Subversion in 'Desiree's Baby'" American Literature.

One day while a slave boy is fanning the baby, Desiree notices the resemblance that ends up getting them kicked out of the house.
Symbolism
For Armand he wants to be successful plantation owner and have a high status.

"Pride and Prejudice: Kate Chopin's 'Desiree's Baby'." .

The mood lightens when Desiree tells her mother about how proud Armand is to have a son, but the mood is tragic again when Desiree realizes the color of her baby and is told to leave by Armand.
Overall Mood
In the beginning, Armand is told by Desiree's father that her origin is unknown.

"Chopin's 'Desiree's Baby'." 49 4 (1991): 222-23.

Armand made a promise by marrying Desiree and he broke the promise when he decided being powerful was more important than his life with Desiree.
Theme
The overall mood of the story is tragic.

"Semiotic Subversion in 'Desiree's Baby'." 62 2 (1990): 223-37.

Desiree lives with her slave owner, husband Armand and her child, on Armand plantation.
Armand Aubigny
The theme of Desiree's baby is to know the full truth before making a decision and to keep promises.