Nickname(s): The Eternal City, Capital of the World, Throne of St

Colosseum: Colosseum, giant amphitheatre built in Rome under the Flavian emperors.
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During its hey-day Ostia was a densily populated city, with a large variety of buildings, and a mixed and "international" population. But first and foremost it was a harbour city, serving the needs of Rome, characterized by store buildings () and the seats of commercial guilds. Ostia was much smaller than harbours such as Alexandria and Carthage. Not only was Ostia smaller, it was also more functional. Michael Heinzelmann has pointed out what was "missing" in Ostia. Only the north-east part of the city has a rectangular plan; the lay-out of the other districts remained irregular. The width of individual streets varies, apparently the result of the borders of private property. Porticos flanking the streets are found throughout the city, but identical porticos facing each other are exceptional. There were only a few squares. There was no amphitheater, no circus (Puteoli, formerly the main harbour of Rome, had a theater, two amphitheaters and a circus). The sudden commercial opportunities that arose after the construction of Trajan's harbour were seized by entrepreneurs, who were interested in profit, not in developing Ostia's infrastructure.

Question for Goldman: Was the status of sailors enhanced because of their role in covering the Colosseum? ~Jack Answer: Sailors were young men, sometimes even young boys, impressed into the Roman navy from any and all the countries that Rome conquered around the Mediterranean world, and as far away as Britain. They served for …
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When the work on Trajan's harbour was finished, the builders turned their attention to Ostia and started rebuilding the city, supervised by Hadrian (how they were able to take over the properties of the local aristocracy remains a mystery). Hadrian was twice of Ostia, and in an inscription he was honoured because he had "preserved and enlarged the colony with all his indulgence and liberality" (). During his reign the north-east part of the city (including the area that had been reserved by C. Caninius) was rebuilt with a rectangular plan. Fire-fighters () from Rome were stationed in new barracks in this area. A huge Capitolium was erected to the north of the Forum. Hadrian's successor Antoninus Pius and Gavius Maximus, an official in Rome, donated large baths. Warships from Misenum, a military naval base, were stationed at Ostia. The sailors acted as police, and took governors and Emperors to the provinces. They were also in charge of the awnings of the Colosseum in Rome.

In Rome the Colosseum played a central role in maintaining political control over the public. The gladiatorial games and events, held at the Colosseum, were also held elsewhere in the Empire, though on a smaller scale. 6. Persecution - In 249 AD the emperor Decius initiated violent persecution of Christians. A great deal of this …
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In this period Ostia was ruled by a small number of "aristocratic" merchant families of free descent. They lived in atrium-houses near the centre of town. Few remains of these houses have been found, because they were razed to the ground in the first half of the second century AD, when the city was largely rebuilt. The attitude of these families was conservative. The members were not able to use the prosperity of the first century AD to get hold of offices in Rome, contrary to what we see in other cities in Italy.

But for a long time Arena spectacles were the main entertainment for all but the lowest sections of society in the Roman Empire. A Gladiator's eye view of one of the entrance arches to the Arena. The Colosseum of Rome was the largest, but you can find the remains of Colosseums all over what used to be the Roman Empire. It wasn't until the …
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